中学生の親和欲求および対友人不安感情が友人とのつきあい方に及ぼす影響 [in Japanese] Friendship among junior high school students: the relation between need for affiliation and anxiety friendship [in Japanese]
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The present study examined the relation among need for affiliation, friendship anxiety,friendship, and satisfaction with friends. 216 junior high school students completed a questionnaire about these 4 aspects of friendship. Factor analysis revealed 2 anxiety friendship: "Hated anxiety" and "Isolation anxiety", and also revealed 4 friendship: "Deep involvement," "Non-involvement," "Enliven," and "Concern." Third year girls scored higher than boys in need for affiliation and "Deep involvement". The relation among the 4 aspects was analyzed by path analysis based on a model that need for affiliation toward friends influences anxiety friendship, and that anxiety friendship influences friendship, and that friendship influences satisfaction with friends. In boys and girls, need for affiliation had a direct effect on satisfaction, an indirect effect on satisfaction through "Deep involvement", and an indirect effect on "Non-involvement" through "Isolation anxiety". And "Hated anxiety" had a direct negative effect on satisfaction. The different results between boys and girls were found. The results were discussed in terms of the relation among need for affiliation, anxiety friendship, friendship, and satisfaction with friends.