Self-Help Groups in Japan : Trends and Traditions

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著者

抄録

Western concepts of self-help were developed in unique Western culture : in Judeo-Christian, individualistic, and pluralistic culture. To use these concepts in Japanese culture effectively, we remove peculiar cultural factors from them, and identify basic elements and processes of self-help groups which are universally effective in various cultures. They are sponteneous sharing [wakachiai], individual independence [hitoridachi], and emancipation from suppression [tokihanachi]. However, Japan's long history of isolation and feudal suppression generated peculiar groupism or group-oriented culture. The basic elements and processes of self-help groups are prone to be distorted by Japan's group-oriented culture, which values emotional cohesiveness, non-individualism, homogeneity, hierarchy, and the particular patterns of their social behaviors. Additionally, we identify political obstacles to the development of self-help groups in Japan-they are lack of pluralism and centralization of administrative power. People avoid becoming political minorities under the cultural pressure, and they have respect for the governmental authorities.

収録刊行物

  • Japanese journal of social services

    Japanese journal of social services (1), 121-139, 1997-10

    一般社団法人日本社会福祉学会

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    110009357123
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA12544205
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • ISSN
    13433407
  • データ提供元
    NII-ELS 
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