純心女子学園をめぐる原爆の語り : 永井隆からローマ教皇へ Narratives of the A-bomb at Nagasaki Junshin Educational Corporation : From Nagai Takashi to Pope John Paul II

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抄録

キリスト教の信仰に影響された特徴的な語りが長崎で生まれた。この背景には、永井隆という人物の影響があるとされる。カトリック教徒であった医学博士永井隆は1951年に病没するまでの間に旺盛な執筆活動を行い、現在も長崎の原爆の象徴として一般に語られる人物であるが、『長崎の鐘』[1949]に代表される彼の著作に見られる原爆に対する独特な思想〔燔祭説:原爆死を神への犠牲(燔祭)と捉える考え方〕は、占領軍への親和性や原爆投下責任の隠蔽、さらには長崎における原爆の記憶を発信する上での消極性につながるなどとして批判を受けてきた。しかしながら、そこでは永井の思想が与えた影響力は常に前提とされ、実際の受容状況が測られることはなかったといえる。本稿では、純心女子学園を対象に、原子爆弾による甚大な被害がどのよう語られてきたのかを考察することで、燔祭説の受容と戦後65年間にもたらされた変化を提示する。

Christian-influenced A-bomb narratives began in Nagasaki, and it is said that Nagai Takashi in particular greatly influenced these narratives. A doctor of medicine and a symbol of the Nagasaki A-bomb, Nagai Takashi wrote many works, including the masterpiece The Bells of Nagasaki (1949). Some of his works offer unique perspectives (for example, holocaust theory, which regards an A-bomb death as an offering to God) on the destruction of the Nagasaki A-bomb. Furthermore, he has been criticized for his familiarity with the occupation army and for disseminating a negative message regarding Nagasaki's A-bomb memories. However, all research on A-bomb memories in Nagasaki began with Nagai's great influence, and no one has investigated how others came to accept his view. Thus, I intend to provide the background to this acceptance and the changes in this unique view over the last 65 years, using the Catholic mission school, Nagasaki Junshin Girls' High School (from the old school system; currently known as Nagasaki Junshin Educational Corporation) as the target of study. Nagasaki Junshin Girls' High School appears in Nagai's famous book and plays an important role in his theory. Junshin was heavily damaged by the A-bomb and it has been said that it mainly produced Nagai-influenced narratives. However, through this research it became clear that the narratives from this school are made through Junshin's special acceptance of Nagai's holocaust theory, and that after the 1980s, some changes occurred. In 1981, Pope John Paul II visited Japan and made an appeal for peace in Hiroshima. This incident also had a great impact on the A-bomb narratives at this school. Moreover, this change at Junshin implies a change in the meaning of A-bomb deaths among Nagasaki's Catholics.

収録刊行物

  • 宗教と社会

    宗教と社会 18(0), 19-33, 2012

    「宗教と社会」学会

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    110009480518
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA11333281
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1342-4726
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    023903562
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z9-B145
  • データ提供元
    NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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