純心女子学園をめぐる原爆の語り : 永井隆からローマ教皇へ Narratives of the A-bomb at Nagasaki Junshin Educational Corporation : From Nagai Takashi to Pope John Paul II
Christian-influenced A-bomb narratives began in Nagasaki, and it is said that Nagai Takashi in particular greatly influenced these narratives. A doctor of medicine and a symbol of the Nagasaki A-bomb, Nagai Takashi wrote many works, including the masterpiece The Bells of Nagasaki (1949). Some of his works offer unique perspectives (for example, holocaust theory, which regards an A-bomb death as an offering to God) on the destruction of the Nagasaki A-bomb. Furthermore, he has been criticized for his familiarity with the occupation army and for disseminating a negative message regarding Nagasaki's A-bomb memories. However, all research on A-bomb memories in Nagasaki began with Nagai's great influence, and no one has investigated how others came to accept his view. Thus, I intend to provide the background to this acceptance and the changes in this unique view over the last 65 years, using the Catholic mission school, Nagasaki Junshin Girls' High School (from the old school system; currently known as Nagasaki Junshin Educational Corporation) as the target of study. Nagasaki Junshin Girls' High School appears in Nagai's famous book and plays an important role in his theory. Junshin was heavily damaged by the A-bomb and it has been said that it mainly produced Nagai-influenced narratives. However, through this research it became clear that the narratives from this school are made through Junshin's special acceptance of Nagai's holocaust theory, and that after the 1980s, some changes occurred. In 1981, Pope John Paul II visited Japan and made an appeal for peace in Hiroshima. This incident also had a great impact on the A-bomb narratives at this school. Moreover, this change at Junshin implies a change in the meaning of A-bomb deaths among Nagasaki's Catholics.