"解放"後のベトナムにおける宗教政策 : カオダイ教を通して Religious Policy in Vietnam after the "Liberation" Era: Focusing on the Case of Caodaism

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著者

    • 北澤 直宏 KITAZAWA Naohiro
    • 京都大学大学院アジア・アフリカ地域研究研究科 Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies, Kyoto University

抄録

This paper aims at assessing the relationship between religion and politics in contemporary Vietnam, with a focus on Caodaism reorganization. After the Vietnam War, the socialist government regarded religion as a nuisance and carried out a retaliatory re-education program—to no effect. In the process of clamping down on anti-government movements by devotees, the Communist Party conducted in-depth analysis on Caodaism and decided to remove the religious dignitaries, in line with their policy of suppressing religious authorities. In 1979, with the cooperation of some dignitaries, the government promulgated the Caodai Decree 01, aimed at the dissolution all Caodaism organizations. The Caodai Holy See was placed under the control of the state and changes were imposed; however, many branch temples subsequently reverted to selfmanagement. There are three possible reasons for this: first, the Holy See had lost all authority and influence over the branch temples; second, branch temples ignored the modified Holy See as the latter had obeyed the socialist government and betrayed Caodaism Law; third, there was no consistent policy in each province. These phenomena rattled the Communist Party, which feared its own collapse, in an echo of events in the Soviet Union. It thus embarked on a plan in 1992 to reorganize Caodaism, with the aim of occupying and controlling branch temples through "educated" dignitaries. While it is certain that Caodaism was officially recognized in 1997, this did not signal the beginning of religious freedom. On the contrary, it only reflected the Communist Party's policy to control religious opponents by authorizing religions.

This paper aims at assessing the relationship between religion and politics in contemporary Vietnam, witha focus on Caodaism reorganization. After the Vietnam War, the socialist government regarded religion asa nuisance and carried out a retaliatory re-education program-to no effect. In the process of clampingdown on anti-government movements by devotees, the Communist Party conducted in-depth analysis onCaodaism and decided to remove the religious dignitaries, in line with their policy of suppressing religiousauthorities.In 1979, with the cooperation of some dignitaries, the government promulgated the Caodai Decree01, aimed at the dissolution all Caodaism organizations. The Caodai Holy See was placed under the controlof the state and changes were imposed; however, many branch temples subsequently reverted to selfmanagement.There are three possible reasons for this: first, the Holy See had lost all authority and influenceover the branch temples; second, branch temples ignored the modified Holy See as the latter hadobeyed the socialist government and betrayed Caodaism Law; third, there was no consistent policy in eachprovince.These phenomena rattled the Communist Party, which feared its own collapse, in an echo of eventsin the Soviet Union. It thus embarked on a plan in 1992 to reorganize Caodaism, with the aim of occupyingand controlling branch temples through "educated" dignitaries.While it is certain that Caodaism was officially recognized in 1997, this did not signal the beginning ofreligious freedom. On the contrary, it only reflected the Communist Party's policy to control religiousopponents by authorizing religions.

収録刊行物

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    110009525897
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN00166463
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    Departmental Bulletin Paper
  • 雑誌種別
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    05638682
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    024267619
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z8-392
  • データ提供元
    NDL  NII-ELS  IR 
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