物語の構築しやすさが刑事事件に関する判断に与える影響 Effects of the ease in story construction on judicial decisions concerning a criminal case

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著者

    • 浅井 暢子 ASAI Nobuko
    • 東北大学大学院文学研究科:(現)京都文教大学総合社会学部 Graduate School of Arts and Letters, Tohoku University

抄録

The present study investigated the impact of the narrative representation of trial information on judicial decisions and judgments about the victim among Japanese lay people. In an experiment, participants read 20 testimonies of a stabbing case. The implications of the testimonies leaned either toward a murder or toward a self-defense case. To manipulate the difficulty of story construction, we presented the testimonies either in a temporal or in a mixed order. The results showed that more extreme sentence decisions were made (i.e., longer imprisonment for the murder case and shorter for the self-defense case) when the testimonies were presented in an organized order. Consistent with this, estimations about the victim's likelihood of avoiding such incidents were polarized in the organized-order condition. Although the presentation order did not clearly affect some judgments, the results of our study strongly suggest that the story construction process has a substantial impact on judicial judgments. Cognitive processes underlying judicial judgments were discussed.

収録刊行物

  • 社会心理学研究

    社会心理学研究 28(3), 137-146, 2013

    日本社会心理学会

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    110009597538
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN10049127
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0916-1503
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    024391462
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z6-2798
  • データ提供元
    NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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