From middleman to model minority: Japanese Americans facing barriers
Today's Japanese Americans are perceived as a rather successful minority group in the U.S. They arelauded for their acculturation speed, higher educational attainment, upward mobility into the mainstreamsociety. It is true that Japanese Americans are better off than other Asian Americans, it does not followthey are free from prejudice. When Japanese Americans were treated as the "middleman minority," whichhas negative connotations and refers to intermediary positions between Whites and Blacks, discriminationwas rather manifest and discernible. Today, on the other hand, barriers placed on Japanese Americans asthe "model minority" are subtler but hard to reveal. Even if they successfully make inroads into Whitedominantenvironments, they often meet obstacles such as admission ceilings in higher education andglass ceilings at work. The aim of this paper is to uncover such actual barriers Japanese Americans have been facing and to examine changes the way they have been treated both in the past and the present.
人文コミュニケーション学科論集 (9), 47-54, 2010-09