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Electrochemical behavior of hexafluoroniobate (Nb(V)F_6[－]), heptafluorotungstate (W(VI)F_7[－]), and oxotetrafluorovanadate (V(V)OF_4[－]) anions has been investigated in N-butyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)amide (BMPyrTFSA) ionic liquid at 298 K by means of cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry. Cyclic voltammograms at a Pt electrode showed that Nb(V)F_6[－] anion is reduced to Nb(IV)F_6[2－] by a one-electron reversible reaction. Electrochemical reductions of W(VI)F_7[－] and V(V)OF_4[－] anions at a Pt electrode are quasi-reversible and irreversible reactions, respectively, according to cyclic voltammetry. The diffusion coefficients of Nb(V)F_6[－], W(VI)F_7[－] and V(V)OF_4[－] determined by chronoamperometry are 1.34 × 10[－7], 7.45 × 10[－8] and 2.49 × 10[－7] cm s[－1], respectively. The Stokes radii of Nb(V)F_6[－], W(VI)F_7[－], and V(V)OF_4[－] in BMPyrTFSA have been calculated to be 0.23, 0.38, and 0.12 nm, from the diffusion coefficients and viscosities obtained.
- Journal of Fluorine Chemistry
Journal of Fluorine Chemistry 132(10), 673-678, 2011-10-00