知的障害児・者の自己の発達に関する文献的考察 : 自己概念・自己評価に焦点をあてて Development of self-concept and self-evaluation in people with intellectual disabilities : A literature review
【Background】 Understanding the self-development and self-understanding of people withintellectual disabilities is important, particularly for those providing education and careersupport for this population. There is insufficient research into the self-focusing of people withintellectual disabilities, to the extent that clinical research concerning this issue has declined inJapan in recent years. However, it is necessary to identify any future issues that may arise inthis research area. Therefore, this paper examined possible future research questionsconcerning the self-development of people with intellectual disabilities on the basis of aliterature review.【Method】 This paper collected and reviewed international journal articles.Results First, the literature was marshaled from the perspectives of markingdevelopment changes, understanding disabilities and stigma, and developing assessmentmethods for examining the self-concepts of people with intellectual disabilities. Second,literature examining the factors involved in the development of self, leisure and socialparticipation, education, residential forms, and family relationships was identified.【Conclusions】 This review considered the future challenges inherent in overcoming thedifficulties of measuring methods and the enhancement of longitudinal development research,enhancement of research into the significant others and groups involved in the individuals' selfformations,and development of a more thorough understanding of disability.
人間文化研究科年報 (31), 173-181, 2015