ゴシシズムと摸倣 : The Monkとバラッド詩 Gothicism and Imitation : Literary Ballads in The Monk
ln the a notorious Gothic horror novel，The Monk published by M. G. Lewis in 1796, tcn pieces of poetry written by the author are introduced，o f which three are literary ballads: "Durandarte and Belerma" in vol. 1，chap. 2，"The Water-King" in vol. 3，c hap. l, and "Alonzo the Brave and FairImogine" in vol. 3，c hap. 2. These imitated literary ballads not only foretell the tragedies which willhappen after they are sung and contribute to intensify the Gothic atmosphere in the novel，but alsosymbolize the fact that the whole body of the novel is constructed by imitating various pre-texts. Thepurpose of this paper is to clarify that the literary art of imitation is indispensable to the Gothicismof the novel. The discussion in this paper will be presented through the following topics: 1. how theliterary ballads are imitated from the original poems and how they contribute to the scene in which theyare set; 2. how they were evaluated by the contemporary critics and advertised on the contemporarymedia; 3. how German pre-texts and the novel are related; 4. how "Alonzo the Brave and Fair Imogine"is parodied by the author himself.
九州共立大学研究紀要 1(1), 43-49, 2011