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Molecular phylogeny of <I>Ochrosia sensu lato</I> (<I>Ochrosia</I> sensu stricto and <I>Neisosperma</I>) was investigated by maximum parsimony analysis of sequence data from chloroplast DNA (rps16 intron) and rps16 intron + Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS). Nineteen species including two varieties (23 accessions) were defined as the ingroup, comprising ten species of <I>Ochrosia</I> s.str. and nine species of <I>Neisosperma</I>. For analysis using rps16 intron region, <I>Rauvolfia sumatrana, R. verticillata</I> and <I>R. serpentina, Vinca major,</I> and <I>V. minor</I> of the tribe Vinceae were used as the outgroup. The aims of this study are to evaluate the usefulness of rps16 intron to infer phylogenetic relationships within <I>Ochrosia sensu lato</I> and to confirm conclusions from previous analysis. In this study, rps16 region was proved to be sufficiently informative to infer phylogenetic relationships at infrageneric level. The strict consensus of most parsimonious trees produced from rps16 sequences data showed that <I>Ochrosia</I> species formed a monophyletic clade highly supported with 97% bootstrap value, whilst <I>Neisosperma</I> was paraphyletic. The <I>Ochrosia</I> clade was found to be nested within <I>Neisosperma</I>, with <I>N.acuminata</I> as a sister taxon to it. All <I>Ochrosia</I> and <I>Neisosperma</I> species were grouped into one clade. However, this clade was not well supported (only has 61% bootstrap value). Consequently, although the results does not contradict recognizing only one genus (<I>Ochrosia sensu lato</I>), but it is not convincing enough. The strict consensus tree produced from sequence data analysis using rps16 intron + ITS showed a more robust monophyletic clade of <I>Ochrosia sensu lato</I>, supported with 100% bootstrap value. <I>Neisosperma</I> - again - was found to be paraphyletic, with monophyletic clade of <I>Ochrosia</I> (strongly supported with 93% bootstrap value) nested within, suggesting the inclusion of <I>Neisosperma</I> into <I>Ochrosia</I> and recognition of only one genus. These findings supported our previous result, using ITS region.
- Chromosome Botany
Chromosome Botany 2(4), 133-140, 2007
International Society of Chromosome Botany