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The aim of this study was to ascertain the effects of α-lipoic acid (ALA) treatment on relaxant responses of acetylcholine (ACh) and isoprenaline (ISO) in aortic rings precontracted with serotonin (5-HT, 10－6 M) obtained from streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Diabetes was induced in the rats by 50 mg/kg streptozotocin (STZ) via an intraperitoneal injection. Rat body and aorta weights were measured. The isometric tension to ACh (10－9-3×10－6 M) and ISO (10－9-10－4 M) of 5-HT-precontracted diabetic and non-diabetic rat (control), diabetic-ALA-treated, and ALA-treated aortas, in organ baths were recorded. Six weeks after STZ treatment blood glucose was elevated compared to control rats. In aortic rings from diabetic rats ACh and ISO-induced relaxations were impaired whereas endothelium-independent relaxation to sodium nitroprusside (SNP) was unaffected. ALA (100 mg/kg/day) treatment for 5 weeks enhanced ACh and ISO-induced relaxation in diabetic aortas. This recovering effect was via NO because prevented by incubating the vessels with NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, a NOS inhibitor). It may be assumed that ALA treatment in vivo, can protect against impaired vascular responsiveness in STZ-induced diabetic rats.
- YAKUGAKU ZASSHI
YAKUGAKU ZASSHI 131(5), 739-744, 2011
The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan