わが国の緩和ケア病棟におけるペット面会やセラピードッグ受け入れへの考え方 A study of the attitude of palliative care units in Japan to allowing pets and therapy dogs to visit patients
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一般には動物を病院に連れてくることは許可されないが, 緩和ケア病棟ではペット面会やセラピードッグの訪問を取り入れている施設が多い. 全国の緩和ケア病棟におけるペット面会許可の現状, セラピードッグ導入の現状につき, 2009年2月現在の緩和ケア病棟承認施設193施設を対象に郵送によるアンケート調査を行い, 149施設(77％)より回答を得た. 135施設で病院敷地内でのペット面会を許可し, うち36施設はペットの宿泊を, 121施設は病室での面会が可能であった. セラピードッグは22施設に導入されていたが, 特に宗教を母体とする施設で有意に多かった. 病室にペットが宿泊できるところは宗教を母体とする施設に, 病棟でのペットとの面会は緩和ケア病棟開設年度が古い施設で有意に多かった. しかし, 無宗教の施設や新しく開設された施設でも, 多くの施設でペット面会が行われていた. 昨今の緩和ケア病棟でも癒しや心の温もりが大切にされていることが示された.
Most palliative care units in Japan allow patients to have their own pets visit them and also allow visits by therapy dogs, even though allowing animals into a hospital is not usually permitted. To determine which units allow patients to meet with their pets or have therapy dogs visit, questionnaires were sent 193 palliative care units, and the replies were obtained from the 149 units (77%). From the responses, it was determined that 135 units allowed patients to meet their pets on unit property, 36 units allowed patients to keep their pets with them, 121 units allowed patients to meet their pets in their hospital rooms, and 22 units adopted therapy dogs as animal-assisted therapies. Units established by religious organizations were more likely to allow patients to keep pets than non-religious organizations, and units established earlier more often allowed patients to meet up with their own pets than more recently established units. However, the use of animal therapy was equally likely in all units, regardless of religious affiliation or the age of the establishment. It is clear that being hospitable to patients' needs, and desires can be found in the newer palliative care units.
- Palliat Care Res
Palliat Care Res 7(1), 136-141, 2012
Japanese Society for Palliative Medicine