沖縄における学校図書館の展開過程 The Development Process of the School Library in Okinawa

この論文にアクセスする

この論文をさがす

著者

抄録

<p>沖縄で1954 年度から60 年度に適用された基準教育課程の国語科と社会科を中心に分析し,1950 年代の沖縄において図書館および図書館資料が教育課程でどのような位置にあったかを検討した。国語科試案では読書や図書館利用計画がカリキュラム化され,社会科試案では事典,統計,新聞,地図など多様な資料を使う問題解決学習が設定されていた。学校図書館法の無いなか,1955 年度の琉球政府文教予算では"資本"としての図書購入費用が計上されていた。1957 年の社会科改訂においても読書活動,問題解決学習,資料を活用する単元,自発的学習のための図書館活用方針は継続され,文部省の指導要領改訂とは異なる動きをみせていた。学校以外の"図書館"施設には必然的に琉米文化会館が含まれることから,図書館の活用教育が文化政策に絡めとられる構造にあったことが推察された。本研究の過程で基準教育課程各教科編の現存を確認した。</p>

<p>This study analyzed Japanese language and social studies in the curricula adopted in Okinawa between 1954 and 1960. This was termed the "Standard Curriculum," and it reflected a consideration of how programs using related materials were positioned in the curriculum. The plan to promote reading and the use of libraries was incorporated into the curriculum as a tentative plan for the subject of Japanese language, while problem-solving using a variety of reference materials, including encyclopedias, statistics, newspapers, and maps was established as a tentative plan for social studies. Although the "Standard Curriculum" was developed based on the Courses of Study issued by the Ministry of Education, learning credits under problem-solving and the use of reference materials were still included and the use of libraries for the purpose of voluntary learning was clearly specified when revisions were made to the social studies curriculum in 1957. This indicates that Okinawa took a path that differed from the 1955 revised Course of Study for social studies in Japan. While the school library law was not yet in place, the purchase of library books was recorded as "capital" in the 1955 school education expenditures. Contrastingly, the Ryukyuan-American Cultural Center was always categorized as "Other" in the "Libraries" list within the guidelines specified by the Ministry of Education in 1957, indicating that the libraries’ educational curricula were structurally entangled with the occupation cultural policy. It was also confirmed during the course of this research that the subjects adopted in the "Standard Curriculum" still exist today.</p>

収録刊行物

  • 日本図書館情報学会誌

    日本図書館情報学会誌 63(1), 1-19, 2017

    日本図書館情報学会

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    130005465179
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA11333306
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1344-8668
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    027999763
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z21-133
  • データ提供元
    NDL  J-STAGE 
ページトップへ