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Asian countries, especially East Asian countries, have been accomplishing remarkable economic growth, and have now become a driving force of the world economy. Among others, China, now the second largest country in the world in terms of the GDP total, has been continuing economic growth still at higher growth rate. Demand for "Food" increases greatly along with economic growth, and those countries became important purchaser in the world market, and have been influencing the international price for some products. In such a trend, growth of each domestic economy has expanded its trade volumes of food, agricultural and fisheries raw products. And this process has strengthened mutual economic linkage of Asian countries. Against this background, this paper shows quantitative analysis on how growth of industries composing food system put impact on the economy of each country and Asian economies as a whole using Asian International Input-Output Table which compiled domestic input-output tables of member countries. The main results from an Input-Output analysis using the Asian International Input-Output Table include that: 1) the GDP share of food system industries in 10 Asian countries are diverse depending on their economic growth stage, namely lower in developed countries such as USA, Japan, Taiwan and Singapore, and higher in developing countries such as Philippines, Indonesia, China and Thailand; 2) the self-contained ratios of multiplier effects of food manufacturing sector with the majority of more than 90%, are higher than those of other manufacturing sector; and 3) the self-sufficiency ratios of food system industries considering the composition of material costs by applying input-output analysis were calculated for 10 Asian countries.
九州大学大学院農学研究院学芸雑誌 67(1), 35-45, 2012-02-00