大気・海洋の進化 : グローバル物質循環マントルの熱的進化・脱ガス史

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著者

    • 田近, 英一, 1963- タジカ, エイイチ

書誌事項

タイトル

大気・海洋の進化 : グローバル物質循環マントルの熱的進化・脱ガス史

著者名

田近, 英一, 1963-

著者別名

タジカ, エイイチ

学位授与大学

東京大学

取得学位

博士 (理学)

学位授与番号

甲第9370号

学位授与年月日

1992-03-30

注記・抄録

博士論文

目次

  1. Contents / p1 (0004.jp2)
  2. General Introduction / p9 (0008.jp2)
  3. PartI:Degassing History and Thermal Histor of the Earth / p17 (0012.jp2)
  4. 1 Introduction / p19 (0013.jp2)
  5. 2 Thermal Evolution Model / p24 (0016.jp2)
  6. 2.1 Previous Studies of Thermal Evolution of the Earth / p24 (0016.jp2)
  7. 2.2 Parameterized Convection Model / p26 (0017.jp2)
  8. 2.3 Dependence of Viscosity on the Volatile Content in the Mantle / p28 (0018.jp2)
  9. 2.4 Relation between the Heat Flow and Seafloor Spreading Rate / p30 (0019.jp2)
  10. 2.5 Thermal Evolution Model with Constant Seafloor Spreading Rate / p31 (0019.jp2)
  11. 3 Degassing Model / p33 (0020.jp2)
  12. 3.1 Degassing Process and Its Modelling / p33 (0020.jp2)
  13. 3.2 Melt Generation Depth in the Mantle / p36 (0022.jp2)
  14. 3.3 Degassing Fraction / p43 (0025.jp2)
  15. 4 Estimation of Degassing Fractions and Mantle Abundances of Volatile Elements / p50 (0029.jp2)
  16. 4.1 Estimation of Degassing Fractions / p50 (0029.jp2)
  17. 4.2 Estimation of Volatile Degassing Rates / p63 (0035.jp2)
  18. 4.3 Estimation of Volatile Abundances in the Mantle / p68 (0038.jp2)
  19. 5 ⁴⁰Ar Degassing Model / p74 (0041.jp2)
  20. 5.1 ⁴⁰Ar as an Indicator of Degassing History / p74 (0041.jp2)
  21. 5.2 Estimation of Potassium Abundance / p76 (0042.jp2)
  22. 5.3 Argon Mass Balance Model / p80 (0044.jp2)
  23. 6 Initial Conditions and Model Parameters / p84 (0046.jp2)
  24. 6.1 Initial Conditions / p84 (0046.jp2)
  25. 6.2 Model Parameters / p85 (0046.jp2)
  26. 7 Numerical Results / p88 (0048.jp2)
  27. 7.1 Thermal Evolution of the Earth / p88 (0048.jp2)
  28. 7.2 Degassing History of ⁴⁰Ar / p95 (0051.jp2)
  29. 8 Discussion / p108 (0058.jp2)
  30. 8.1 Constancy of the Seafloor Spreading Rate / p108 (0058.jp2)
  31. 8.2 Ambiguities in Degassing Model / p116 (0062.jp2)
  32. 8.3 Implications for Degassing History / p122 (0065.jp2)
  33. 9 Summary / p126 (0067.jp2)
  34. PartII:Global Carbon Cycle and Stability of the Terrestrial Environmet / p129 (0068.jp2)
  35. 1 Introduction / p131 (0069.jp2)
  36. 2 Global Carbon Cycle Model / p135 (0071.jp2)
  37. 2.1 The Global Carbon Cycle / p135 (0071.jp2)
  38. 2.2 Basic Processes of the Carbon Cycle / p138 (0073.jp2)
  39. 2.3 Basic Equations / p149 (0078.jp2)
  40. 2.4 Numerical Scheme / p155 (0081.jp2)
  41. 2.5 Present-Day Amount of Carbon / p156 (0082.jp2)
  42. 3 External Conditions / p159 (0083.jp2)
  43. 3.1 Increase in Solar Luminosity / p159 (0083.jp2)
  44. 3.2 Continental Growth / p161 (0084.jp2)
  45. 3.3 Decrease in Tectonic Activity / p162 (0085.jp2)
  46. 3.4 Surface Temperature / p165 (0086.jp2)
  47. 3.5 Ocean pH in the Past / p168 (0088.jp2)
  48. 3.6 Initial Conditions / p172 (0090.jp2)
  49. 4 Stationary Solutions / p177 (0092.jp2)
  50. 4.1 Present-Day Values of A and R / p177 (0092.jp2)
  51. 4.2 Amount of Surface Carbon / p180 (0094.jp2)
  52. 4.3 Amount of Atmospheric Carbon / p186 (0097.jp2)
  53. 5 Numerical Result / p196 (0102.jp2)
  54. 5.1 Evolution of Carbon Cycle System / p196 (0102.jp2)
  55. 5.2 Effects of Continental Formation / p200 (0104.jp2)
  56. 5.3 Effects of Initial Condition / p206 (0107.jp2)
  57. 5.4 Chemical Evolution of Oceans / p211 (0109.jp2)
  58. 6 Discussion / p219 (0113.jp2)
  59. 6.1 Stability of Terrestrial Environment / p219 (0113.jp2)
  60. 6.2 Present-day Stationary State of the System / p223 (0115.jp2)
  61. 6.3 Effects of Organic Process / p226 (0117.jp2)
  62. 7 Summary / p236 (0122.jp2)
  63. PartIII:Evolution of the Atmosphere and Ocean of the Earth / p239 (0123.jp2)
  64. 1 Introduction / p241 (0124.jp2)
  65. 2 Biogeochemical Cycle of Carbon / p250 (0129.jp2)
  66. 2.1 Biogeochemical Cycles of Carbon and Sulfur / p250 (0129.jp2)
  67. 2.2 Carbon Isotope Fractionation / p255 (0131.jp2)
  68. 2.3 Model of Biogeochemical Carbon Cycle / p257 (0132.jp2)
  69. 3 Evolution Model of Oxygen / p271 (0139.jp2)
  70. 3.1 Evolution of Atmospheric Oxygen / p271 (0139.jp2)
  71. 3.2 Excess Oxygen Production / p275 (0141.jp2)
  72. 3.3 Present Oxygen Budget / p278 (0143.jp2)
  73. 3.4 Mass Balance Models of Oxygen, Sulfur, and Iron / p281 (0144.jp2)
  74. 4 Biogeochemical Cycle of Nitrogen / p294 (0151.jp2)
  75. 4.1 Nitrogen Cycle / p294 (0151.jp2)
  76. 4.2 Evolution of Nitrogen / p297 (0152.jp2)
  77. 4.3 Nitrogen Mass Balance Model / p300 (0154.jp2)
  78. 5 Argon Mass Balance Model / p303 (0155.jp2)
  79. 5.1 Degassing History of ⁴⁰Ar / p303 (0155.jp2)
  80. 5.2 Argon Mass Balance Model / p304 (0156.jp2)
  81. 6 Initial Conditions / p309 (0158.jp2)
  82. 6.1 External Conditions / p309 (0158.jp2)
  83. 6.2 Initial Conditions / p310 (0159.jp2)
  84. 7 Numerical Result / p315 (0161.jp2)
  85. 7.1 Evolution of Global Geochemical Cycles / p315 (0161.jp2)
  86. 7.2 Evolution of Atmosphere and Oceans / p335 (0171.jp2)
  87. 8 Discussion / p345 (0176.jp2)
  88. 8.1 Problem Related to Oxygen Cycle / p345 (0176.jp2)
  89. 8.2 Problems Related to Nitrogen Cycle / p354 (0181.jp2)
  90. 8.3 Constraints on Seawater Composition / p359 (0183.jp2)
  91. 8.4 Evolution of the Atmosphere,Ocean,and Terrestrial Environment / p361 (0184.jp2)
  92. 9 Summary / p366 (0187.jp2)
  93. References / p373 (0190.jp2)
  94. Appendix / p405 (0206.jp2)
  95. A Numerical Method for PartII / p405 (0206.jp2)
  96. A.1 Numerical Procedure / p405 (0206.jp2)
  97. A.2 Time Step / p409 (0208.jp2)
  98. B Numerical Method for PartIII / p411 (0209.jp2)
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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    500000098486
  • NII著者ID(NRID)
    • 8000000098715
  • DOI(NDL)
  • NDL書誌ID
    • 000000262800
  • データ提供元
    • NDL-OPAC
    • NDLデジタルコレクション
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