Biogeography and ecology in Tasmania

書誌事項

Biogeography and ecology in Tasmania

edited by W.D. Williams

(Monographiae biologicae, v. 25)

Junk, 1974

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注記

Bibliography: p. 464-469

Includes index

内容説明・目次

内容説明

Distribution and Range . . . 142 The Tasmanian Trout Fishery 153 Population Dynamics of Tench 163 Conservation Notes 167 Bibliography . . . . . . . . 168 VII. Littoral Biogeography by A. J. DARTNALL 171 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171 The Maugean Marine Province. . . . . . 175 Distribution Patterns of some Tasmanian Marine Animals 178 Conclusions. . . . 190 Acknowledgements 191 Bibliography . . . 191 VIII. The Zoogeography and Evolution of Tasmanian Oligochaeta by B. G. M. JAMIESON. . 195 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . 195 The Australian Region: A World Perspective 198 Earthworms and Continental Drift. . . . . 206 Tasmanian Earthworms - Relationships with the Australian Fauna. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 210 Tasmanian Megasco1ecid Species and Aspects of their Evolution . 218 Bibliography . . . . . . . . . . . 226 IX. Oniscoidea (Terrestrial Isopoda) by ALISON J. A. GREEN . . . . . . . 229 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . 229 Ecological Distribution. . . . . . . 229 Comments on Ecological Distribution 235 Geographical Distribution of Species Recorded from T- mania. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237 Geographical Distribution of Genera Recorded from T- mama. . . . . . 239 Acknowledgements 247 Bibliography . . . 247 X. The Amphibia of Tasmania by M. J. LITTLEJOHN and A. A. MARTIN 251 Introduction 251 Taxonomy. 251 Distribution 265 Biology . . 268 Zoogeography . . 272 Evolution . . . . 277 Acknowledgements 282 Bibliography . . . 282 Key 1: Key to Frogs (Adults) . 286 Key 2: Key to Male Mating Calls . 287 Key 3: Key to Eggs. . 288 Key 4: Key to Tadpoles . . . . . 289 XI. Biogeography and Ecology of the Reptiles of Tasmania and the Bass Strait Area by P. A. RAWLINSON. 291 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 291 Cainozoic Climates and Pleistocene Sea Levels. 292 Present Climate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 297 Ecological Requirements of Reptiles. . . . . 299 The Reptile Fauna of Tasmania and the Bass Strait Area - Composition, Ecology and Distribution. . . .

目次

Preface.- I. Introduction.- Position and Political Status.- Climate.- Structure and Geological History.- Vegetation.- Man.- II. Geomorphology and Quaternary Environments.- III. Limnological Studies.- Temperature.- Chemistry of Surface Waters.- Thermal Stratification.- Chemistry of Thermal Stratification.- Freshwater Biota.- Plankton Populations and Productivity.- Conclusions.- Acknowledgements.- IV. Freshwater Crustacea.- Composition, Distribution and Ecology.- Zoogeographical Relationships.- Acknowledgements.- V. Native Freshwater Fish.- Distribution and Life History.- Ecology and Adaptations.- Origin and Evolution.- VI. Introduced Freshwater Fish.- Distribution and Range.- The Tasmanian Trout Fishery.- Population Dynamics of Tench.- Conservation Notes.- VII. Littoral Biogeography.- The Maugean Marine Province.- Distribution Patterns of some Tasmanian Marine Animals.- Conclusions.- Acknowledgements.- VIII. The Zoogeography and Evolution of Tasmanian Oligochaeta.- The Australian Region: A World Perspective.- Earthworms and Continental Drift.- Tasmanian Earthworms - Relationships with the Australian Fauna.- Tasmanian Megascolecid Species and Aspects of their Evolution.- IX. Oniscoidea (Terrestrial Isopoda).- Ecological Distribution.- Comments on Ecological Distribution.- Geographical Distribution of Species Recorded from Tasmania.- Geographical Distribution of Genera Recorded from Tasmania.- Acknowledgements.- X. The Amphibia of Tasmania.- Taxonomy.- Distribution.- Biology.- Zoogeography.- Evolution.- Acknowledgements.- Key 1: Key to Frogs (Adults).- Key 2: Key to Male Mating Calls.- Key 3: Key to Eggs.- Key 4: Key to Tadpoles.- XI. Biogeography and Ecology of the Reptiles of Tasmania and the Bass Strait Area.- Cainozoic Climates and Pleistocene Sea Levels.- Present Climate.- Ecological Requirements of Reptiles.- The Reptile Fauna of Tasmania and the Bass Strait Area - Composition, Ecology and Distribution.- Zoogeography of the Tasmanian Reptile Fauna.- Acknowledgements.- XII. Some Problems Associated with the Avifauna.- Difficulties of Dispersal.- Species - Area Effects.- Immigration and Extinction.- Reasons for Failure to Colonize.- Introduced Species.- Changes Following Colonization.- Breeding Adaptations.- Conclusion.- Acknowledgements.- XIII. Mammals.- Major Habitat Types.- Indigenous Mammals.- Introduced Mammals.- Conclusion.- Acknowledgement.- XIV. The Biogeography of the Mammals of the Islands of Bass Strait.- The Islands of Bass Strait.- The Mammalian Fauna.- Distribution Patterns in Bass Strait.- XV. Aborigines.- Origin.- Appearance.- Shelter.- Food.- Implements.- Movement.- Culture.- XVI. Conservation.- An Historical Survey.- Recent Events.- The Present Situation.- The Biota.- Threats to Biological Conservation.- Acknowledgements.- General Index.

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