When information came of age : technologies of knowledge in the age of reason and revolution, 1700-1850

書誌事項

When information came of age : technologies of knowledge in the age of reason and revolution, 1700-1850

Daniel R. Headrick

Oxford University Press, 2000

  • : hard
  • : pbk

大学図書館所蔵 件 / 19

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注記

Includes bibliographical references and index

内容説明・目次

巻冊次

: hard ISBN 9780195135978

内容説明

Although the Information Age is often described as a new era, a cultural leap springing directly from the invention of modern computers, it is simply the latest step in a long cultural process. Its conceptual roots stretch back to the profound changes that occurred during the Age of Reason and Revolution. When Information Came of Age argues that the key to the present era lies in understanding the systems developed in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries to gather, store, transform, display, and communicate information. The book provides a concise and readable survey of the many conceptual developments between 1700 and 1850 and draws connections to leading technologies of today. It documents three breakthroughs in information systems that date to the period: the classification and nomenclature of Linneaus, the chemical system devised by Lavoisier, and the metric system. It shows how eighteenth-century political arithmetricians and demographers pioneered statistics and graphs as a means for presenting data succinctly and visually. It describes the transformation of cartography from art to science as it incorporated new methods for determining longitude at sea and new data on the measure the arc of the meridian on land. Finally, it looks at the early steps in codifying and transmitting information, including the development of dictionaries, the invention of semaphore telegraphs and naval flag signaling, and the conceptual changes in the use and purpose of postal services. When Information Came of Age shows that like the roots of democracy and industrialization, the foundations of the Information Age were built in the eighteenth and early nineteenth century.

目次

  • 1. Information and its History
  • 2. Organizing Information: The Language of Science
  • 3. Transforming Information: The Origin of Statistics
  • 4. Displaying Information: Maps and Graphs
  • 5. Storing Information: Dictionaries and Encyclopedias
  • 6. Communicating Information: Postal and Telegraphic Systems
  • 7. Information Ages, Past and Present
巻冊次

: pbk ISBN 9780195153736

内容説明

Although the Information Age is often described as a new era, a cultural leap springing directly from the invention of modern computers, it is simply the latest step in a long cultural process. Its conceptual roots stretch back to the profound changes that occurred during the Age of Reason and Revolution. When Information Came of Age argues that the key to the present era lies in understanding the systems developed in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries to gather, store, transform, display, and communicate information. The book provides a concise and readable survey of the many conceptual developments between 1700 and 1850 and draws connections to leading technologies of today. It documents three breakthroughs in information systems that date to the period: the classification and nomenclature of Linneaus, the chemical system devised by Lavoisier, and the metric system. It shows how eighteenth-century political arithmetricians and demographers pioneered statistics and graphs as a means for presenting data succinctly and visually. It describes the transformation of cartography from art to science as it incorporated new methods for determining longitude at sea and new data on the measure the arc of the meridian on land. Finally, it looks at the early steps in codifying and transmitting information, including the development of dictionaries, the invention of semaphore telegraphs and naval flag signaling, and the conceptual changes in the use and purpose of postal services. When Information Came of Age shows that like the roots of democracy and industrialization, the foundations of the Information Age were built in the eighteenth and early nineteenth century.

目次

  • 1. Information and its History
  • 2. Organizing Information: The Language of Science
  • 3. Transforming Information: The Origin of Statistics
  • 4. Displaying Information: Maps and Graphs
  • 5. Storing Information: Dictionaries and Encyclopedias
  • 6. Communicating Information: Postal and Telegraphic Systems
  • 7. Information Ages, Past and Present
  • Selected Bibliography
  • Index

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