German women for empire, 1884-1945

書誌事項

German women for empire, 1884-1945

Lora Wildenthal

(Politics, history, and culture)

Duke University Press, 2001

  • : cloth
  • : pbk

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注記

Includes bibliography (p. [287]-324) and index

内容説明・目次

巻冊次

: cloth ISBN 9780822328070

内容説明

When Germany annexed colonies in Africa and the Pacific beginning in the 1880s, many German women were enthusiastic. At the same time, however, they found themselves excluded from what they saw as a great nationalistic endeavor. In German Women for Empire, 1884-1945 Lora Wildenthal untangles the varied strands of racism, feminism, and nationalism that thread through German women's efforts to participate in this episode of overseas colonization. In confrontation and sometimes cooperation with men over their place in the colonial project, German women launched nationalist and colonialist campaigns for increased settlement and new state policies. Wildenthal analyzes recently accessible Colonial Office archives as well as mission society records, periodicals, women's memoirs, and fiction to show how these women created niches for themselves in the colonies. They emphasized their unique importance for white racial "purity" and the inculcation of German culture in the family. While pressing for career opportunities for themselves, these women also campaigned against interracial marriage and circulated an image of African and Pacific women as sexually promiscuous and inferior. As Wildenthal discusses, the German colonial imaginary persisted even after the German colonial empire was no longer a reality. The women's colonial movement continued into the Nazi era, combining with other movements to help turn the racialist thought of the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries into the hierarchical evaluation of German citizens as well as colonial subjects. Students and scholars of women's history, modern German history, colonial politics and culture, postcolonial theory, race/ethnicity, and gender will welcome this groundbreaking study.

目次

Acknowledgments Introduction 1. Colonial Nursing as the First Realm of Colonialist Women's Activism, 1885-1907 2. The Feminine Radical Nationalism of Frieda von Bulow 3. A New Colonial Masculinity: The Men's Debate over "Race Mixing" in the Colonies 4. A New Colonial Femininity: Feminism, Race Purity, and Domesticity, 1898-1914 5. The Woman Citizen and the Lost Colonial Empire in Weimar and Nazi Germany Epilogue Appendix: Colonialist and Women's Organizations Notes Bibliography Index
巻冊次

: pbk ISBN 9780822328193

内容説明

In "German Women for Empire, 1884-1945", Lora Wildenthal explores the nineteenth-century assumption that the advancement of a society could be measured by its treatment of women. Demonstrating this theory's resonance for German colonists, Wildenthal shows how race was an additional - and more concealed - factor embedded in the history, politics, and culture of both German feminism and German colonialism from the late nineteenth century through to the Third Reich. Although German women hoped that its African colonies would provide renewed and vital opportunities for them, their expectations collided with those of many colonial men, who envisioned an even more restricted role for women in the colonies than in Germany. Some even hoped that the colonies would constitute a place free of 'demanding' and 'critical' European women. Wildenthal analyzes recently accessible Colonial Office and mission society archives, periodicals, women's memoirs, and fiction to show how colonial women nonetheless created a niche for themselves in the colonies by emphasizing their unique contributions toward white racial 'purity' and the inculcation of German culture at the level of the family. At the same time that they pressed for career opportunities for themselves, they campaigned against interracial marriage and circulated an image of African and Pacific women as obedient, sexually promiscuous, and inferior. "German Women for Empire" offers insight into the uses of the German colonial imaginary even after German colonialism was no longer a reality. Colonial women created one of a number of movements that helped turn racialist thought of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries toward the hierarchical evaluation of German citizens that culminated in the Third Reich.

目次

Contents: Colonial nursing as the first realm of colonialist women's activism, 1885-1907 The feminine radical nationalism of Frieda von Bulow A new colonial masculinity: The men's debate over "race mixing" in the colonies A new colonial femininity: Feminism, race purity and domesticity, 1898-1914 The woman citizen and the lost colonial empire in Weimar and Nazi Germany

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