Search Results 461-480 of 1077

  • Aspects of Patient-Nurse Interaction and Nursing Experience in a Alcoholic Unit : Participant Observation of Group Works and the Group Interview with Nurses  [in Japanese]

    Sakaki Keiko

    この研究の目的は、アルコール専門病棟での患者と看護師の関係及び看護師の体験の特徴を考察することである。7ヶ月にわたる民間精神病院のアルコール専門病棟のグループワークを中心としたAlcoholism Rehabilitation Programでの参加観察および看護師へのグループインタビューで得たデータを質的に分析した。24時間、患者とともに過ごす看護師は、患者の人間物語を目の当たりにすることで、自分自身との対面を迫られていた。それにより、両者の心理的壁は紙一重と言ってよいほど薄くなっていた。さらには「自分1人では断酒できない」患者の無力感を前にして、看護師自身も無力感に陥っていた。看護師はそうした感情を回避するために、患者と距離を取ろうとしたり、「持ちつ持たれつ」の関係を作り出していた。しかし、病棟生活では患者の悲惨な死の話題ももたらされるので、両者の傷つきは非常に深かった。両者は、そうした患者の死を悼む者同士として、夜間に患者の死を知らせあうなど、互いにつながりを作ることで「喪の作業」を行っていた。

    Journal of Japan Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing 13(1), 24-33, 2004

    J-STAGE Ichushi Web References (17)

  • 2 The Problems regarding Care Work in the Paradigm Shift in the Ethics of Dementia : From a Gender Perspective(From the Sub-sessions)  [in Japanese]

    KASUGA Kisuyo

    With respect to the paradigm-shift in the ethics of care of old people with dementia, the degree of care that should be provided has been undergoing change. That is, so far, "care" implied labor on three physical levels: help in eating, bathing, and defecating. Recently, however, workers have been requested to be more sensitive when interacting with the aged and to be more considerate of their will and motivation. In other words, workers should secure a better "quality of life" for them. Therefore, it is all the more important for workers to develop their communication skills to be able to form a relationship with clients. Such a change has been progressing together with the so-called "progress of market on care," in which workers willingly accept less payment. Consequently, the cost itself does not cover "emotional labor," and the working condition becomes worse. In this paper, I intend to elaborate on the following: (1) The view of unit-care in the training curriculum and its social implications, (2) the worker's expectations regarding training and self-consciousness, (3) the trainers' views on gender and sexuality, and (4) the working conditions in the field of "unit-care" (using narrative data gathered from participating trainees and interviewees).

    Social Policy and Labor Studies 11(0), 100-115, 2004

    J-STAGE

  • A study of borderline personality traits in relation with parents' rearing attitudes and family atmosphere  [in Japanese]

    Furukawa Namiko , Kitayama Osamu

    This study examined the relations of parents' rearing attitudes and family atmosphere to borderline personality traits. University students (N=278) rated borderline personality traits, their parents' rearing attitudes, and their family atmospheres by three questionnaires. The results showed that there were significant negative relations between parents' emotional - acceptable attitudes and borderline personality traits. It was suggested that not only mother but also father had an effect on borderline personality traits. And, indifferent-severe family atmosphere related positively to borderline personality traits. Furthermore, these relations showed some differences between male and female. In male participants, "abandonment anxiety" had noticeable relation to parents' emotional -acceptable attitudes and indifferent-severe family atmosphere. On the other hand, in female ones, almost all factors of borderline personality traits related to them. However, any factor in borderline personality traits except "instability of feelings" had no difference between male and female. We suggested that this result reflects the features of adolescent rather than borderline personality traits.

    Psychological research of Kyushu University 5, 207-218, 2004-03-31

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  • The Winds of Eihei Zen : The Life of Zen Master Dogen  [in Japanese]

    OTANI Tetsuo

    Journal of the Institute for Zen Studies,Aichigakuin University 32, 1-25, 2004-03-31

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  • Computer-mediated communication, intergroup relations, and field reality  [in Japanese]

    KAKIMOTO Toshikatsu

    Several aspects of the relationship between computer-mediated communication and intergroup relations were considered in view of the future research themes, and a concept of field reality was highlighted as the target topic for the current article. A small study was reported to prepare for construction of a scale to measure the sense of field reality.

    Journal of social and information studies 11, 215-225, 2004-03-31

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  • Research on the Thematic Approach via the Theme "The Group and Me" : In Pursuit of the Pertinent Educational Functions of the Thematic Approach and Art Therapy  [in Japanese]

    TACHIHARA Yoshikazu

    As a result of giving pictorial image three-dimensional form, the "artist" - by focusing on theme formation (i.e. defining what successfully three-dimensionalizes a pictorial image and should be perceived from the work) and studying the aesthetic content triggered by the expressive qualities manifested on the picture plane - becomes more receptive to the raison d'etre of life (living as the workings of pursuing value) and the meaning in character-building qualities. While artistic qualities appear as a sense of reality in the works, the educational action widely inherent within was greatly demonstrated. Whereas the healing and clarifying effects of art therapy rely exclusively on spontaneous creative behavior, the thematic approach involves character-expression as an expressional premise as well. Therein lies the greatest difference between art therapy and the thematic approach - a developmental form of this type of creative activity with recognizable social significance.

    The Journal for the Association of Art Education 25(0), 269-283, 2004

    J-STAGE

  • Some Strategies for Constructing Learning Programs for "Introduction to Psychology" (3) : Career Guidance and Development of Self-Identity  [in Japanese]

    Takeuchi Mika

    「入門・心理学」科目においても青年期自我同一性形成を扱う意義は大きい. 青年期はモラトリアムを脱し, 職業選択から自律性獲得と自我同一性達成に至る大きな発達的移行期である. 青年は職業選択作業を遂行する途上で自己の同一性に「出会う」発達過程をたどる. しかし, 昨今の雇用状況はその時間的猶予を青年に許容できなくなってしまった観が強い. 厳しい雇用動向を背景とした青年期受講生に対し, 「入門・心理学」では, どのような情報支援ができるか検討が急がれる. 本研究では, 学生の心理社会的状況を検討するために実施した意識調査について報告する. 調査は1) 多次元自我同一性尺度, 2) 職業未決定尺度, 3) 進路選択に対する自己効力感, 4) 業種に対する就職希望度, 5) 就職志望業種, 6) 第一希望業種のイメージ評定, 7) 職種に対する就職希望度, 8) 就職希望職種, 9) 第一志望職種のイメージ評定, 10) 自尊感情尺度, 11) Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI : 父親・母親の養育態度評定), 12) 父親・母親との同一化感情の項目群から構成されている. 約125名の社会教養科目「心理学」受講学生の回答協力が得られた. 調査の分析結果について, 報告を行なう.

    Sanno College Jiyugaoka bulletin 37, 61-95, 2004-03-25

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  • Christiane Vulpius. Eine Skizze ihres Lebens bis zur Begegnung mit Goethe 1788  [in Japanese]

    Nishiyama Rikiya

    Memoirs of the Japan Women's University. Faculty of Literature 53, 21-46, 2004-03-20

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  • "Anti-Social" and "A-Social" : News of the Aum Shinrikyo Incidents on Television  [in Japanese]

    MURAKAMI Yoshie

    In this paper, I criticize a theory of "the similarity" between news-shows and waido-shows, or entertainment information shows, by investigating their differentiation and mutual reference through the news of the Aum-Shinrikyo incidents in 1995. I compare materials taken from "News 23 (hereafter, 23)" as examples of the news-shows and "Supa-waido (hereafter, Waido)" of the waido-shows. The results of my examination on the differences of the two information shows are as follows : (1) "23"-process explanation/"Waido"- condition explanation (2)"23"-logical, evidential/"Waido"-emotional, personal featuring (3)"23"-the Aum as terrorist organization/"Waido"-the Aum as group of insane people in delusion (4)"23"-the Aum as a dangerous threat to the nation-state and the legal system/"Waido"-the Aum as a bizarre threat to the civil society "23" focuses on the Aum's criminality and "Waido" on the Aum's strangeness through various details they have obtained. It has been pointed out that the news-shows describe the "anti-social" aspect of the Aum, while the waido-shows stress the "a-social" aspect of the Aum. However, this seeming differentiation tacitly gives the audience more "information plausibility" through the mutual reference mechanism that I would emphasize. News-shows make the audience believe that "such bizarre people would commit those crimes", at the same time the waido-shows strengthen the impression that "those crimes would be committed by such bizarre people". This may not be done by an apparent intention of the mass media, but by the consequence of mutual reference that occurs among massmedia.

    Konan Women's University researches 40, 139-152, 2004-03-18

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  • The Meaning of Life-Frankl's Theory of Self-Actualization  [in Japanese]

    KAGAWA Yutaka

    Being human beings means being in the face of meanings to fulfill and values to realize. Man is free to answer the questions he is asked by life. And man is responsible for giving the right answer to a question, for finding the true meaning of a situation. In other words, man is responsible for what to do, whom to love, and how to suffer. Meanwhile, self-actualization is an effect of meaning-fulfillment. If a person sets out to actualize himself rather than fulfill a meaning, self-actualization immediately loses its justification. But on what ground is he justified in assuming that life is, and remains, meaningful in every case? He takes the stand toward his predicament, in the case where he must face a fate which he cannot change. This is why life never ceases to hold a meaning, for even a person who is deprived of both creative and experiential values is still challenged by a meaning to fulfill. Attitudinal values are the highest possible values. But man is incapable of understanding the ultimate meaning of human suffering, because mere thinking cannot reveal to us the highest purpose. In what ground can we find the ultimate meaning of being?

    Konan Women's University researches 40, 37-44, 2004-03-18

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  • D. H. Lawrence's Short Stories  [in Japanese]

    Tanaka Minoru

    Daito Bunka review 35, 171-187, 2004-03-15

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  • The Process of Student's Understanding Elderly With Dementia by Gerontological Nursing Practice  [in Japanese]

    MATSUDA Chitose , NAGAHATA Tayo

    This report describes the results of a qualitative study which explored the process of understanding by students in a three-week session of gerontological nursing practice. Data were collected using semi-structured interviews with eight third-year students of Osaka Prefecture College of Nursing. The results indicated six categories in the process of understanding of the elderly with dementia as follows: 1) Mental preparation for care; 2) Rejection, 3) Being at a loss how to cope with the behavior of dementia, and 4) Groping for ways to deal with the behavior of dementia (appearing in Week 1); 5) Getting a feel for ways to cope (appearing in Week 2) ; 6) Understanding of care effectiveness (appearing in Week 3). Category 4, Groping for ways to deal with the behavior of dementia, was clarified as a turning point towards which educational guidance and support are of great importance.

    Bulletin of Osaka Prefectural College of Nurs. 10(1), 43-50, 2004-03-01

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  • A Report of a Teaching Practice in Ethics (11)  [in Japanese]

    KOBAYASHI Osamu

    Soka University jinbun ronsyu 16, A287-A321, 2004-03

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  • Life Course and Attitude of Toyo-Eiwa University Alumni  [in Japanese]

    ARITA Fumiko , NOGUCHI Haruko , HAYASHI Fumi , MIO Minoru

    The main object of this study is to examine the life course and attitude of alumni that would be notably influenced by what they had learned and experienced in Toyo-Eiwa University. We prepared a unique socio-economic and opinion survey on entire 3, 192 alumni, conducted on unregistered basis in June, 2003. Five hundred forty-two (17.9%) alumni responded to the survey and 19 alumni allowed us for having further hearings from them. Note that the response rate in this study is not high enough to come to any definite conclusions capable to represent their behavior and thoughts after the graduation. However, we still believe that some results provide significant and useful resource for us to review how the college education has been affecting the choices and attitudes at various stages of their life. The survey consists of four main subjects ; (1) the degree of satisfaction with the college life and the sense of self-respect as Toyo-Eiwa alumni ; (2) individual demographic characteristics (e. g., age and family status including marriage/divorce status, and birth, etc) ; (3) the history of socioeconomic status (e. g., current and past employment status, wage, working hours, qualifications, living status, and health status, etc) ; and (4) the attitude of life course (e. g., marriage, family life, and various social activities, etc). Our results reveal that most alumni who responded to the survey feel impressed and affected by what they studied and experienced in their college-age. They have been trying to survive with self-respect as Toyo-Eiwa alumni, under the socio-economic circumstances getting severer through 1 990's. Finally, we are really grateful for alumni who spent long hours to complete our survey sheet, in particular, for those who kindly agreed to further face-to-face interview conducted by some undergraduates. Without their collaboration and a number of useful remarks on this study, we would not have been capable to continue and accomplish the research.

    Toyo Eiwa journal of the humanities and social sciences 21, 41-126, 2004-03

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  • Eine theologische Betrachtung uber das Selbst (3)  [in Japanese]

    KOBAYASHI Kenichi

    Journal of the Faculty of Education and Human Sciences, Yokohama National University. The humanities 6, 95-112, 2004-02-28

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  • Teaching Methodology of Reading through Communication(II. Humanities and Social Sciences)  [in Japanese]

    KAWASE Ayako , SHIMIZU Toyoko

    リーディングの本当のおもしろさとは何であろうか。それは,個々の学習者が独創的な解釈をもって文学作品を鑑賞することであろう。そこで,学習者が英文のリーディングの醍醐味を味わうための一助を目的として,実験授業が実施された。教材にはThe Lover (Harold Pinter, 1962)が使用された。この作品は多義性に富んだ戯曲であるので,各学習者に独自の解釈を促すに当たってふさわしいと考えられたためである。実験授業は,同輩学習(peer-learning),すなわち同じ目的を持ち同じ教材を使って学習する同輩とのディスカッションを通した学習を中心に行われた。全6回の実験授業終了後,授業内の各活動の効果と学習者5名の解釈の推移が分析された。

    Bulletin of the Faculty of Education, Chiba University 52, 229-242, 2004-02-28

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  • Self-Dissatisfaction in Adolescence II(I. Pedagogy)  [in Japanese]

    KASAI Takahisa

    Bulletin of the Faculty of Education, Chiba University 52, 121-125, 2004-02-28

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  • Factors That Influence the Formation of Views on Child Care and Education in Senior High School Students : Focusing on the Ego Development  [in Japanese]

    WATANUKI Yukiko , MUTO Yasuko

    In our investigation of views on child care and education held by senior high school students, we centered our attention on gender difference while researching the relation between the formation of their views and the factors influencing their ego development. The analytic models were 313 senior high school students in Kanagawa Prefecture. The findings are as follows: 1) By factor analysis, it is found that their views on child care and education have three factor structures: emotional factor, social customs factor and external factor. 2) By comparison, boys' ego identity in the ego development is related to the external factor while girls' sense of division of labor between male and female is related to the emotional factor and social customs factor. So long as their experience of contacting with infants is concerned, it is found in boys and girls alike that both emotional factor and social customs factor are strengthened by their affection for infants.

    Journal of home economics of Japan 55(2), 135-144, 2004-02-15

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  • Zum Motiv der Entwicklung im Bildungsroman ≫Die unendliche Geschichte≪ von Michael Ende  [in Japanese]

    KOBAYASHI Yoshitaka

    Michael Ende sagt in seinem Buch ≫PHANTASIE KULTUR POLITIK Prdtokoll eines Gesprachs≪, der Marchen-Roman ≫Die unendliche Geschichte≪ sei ein Bildungsroman. Bei dem Bildungsroman handle es sich um die Entwicklung Bastians, der die Hauptperson in der Geschichte ist. Also behandle ich den ProzeB und Begriff der Bastians Entwicklung. Anf angs der Geschichte wird Bastian geschildert, wie er ist. Er war ein kleiner, dicker, x-beiniger Junge von zehn oder elf Jahren. Er war ein Schwachling, Angsthase und Sitzling. Er hatte Angst vor seinen Kameraden, Lehrern, Herrn Koreander und sogar seinem Vater. Er konnte sich selbst nicht lieben, wie er war. I. Der ProzeB der Entwicklung 1. Der erste ProzeB: Die Flucht vor der wirklichen Welt Zuerst floh er vor der Welt heimlich in einen Speicher seiner Schule. Wahrend er ein Buch, ≫Die unendliche Geschichte≪, allein in dem Speicher" las, floh er ins Phantasien weiter. 2. Der zweite Prozeβ: Die Selbstvernichtung d. h. der Tod von sich selbst ≫Mondenkind! Mondenkind! Ich komme, Mondenkind! Ich bin schon da.≪ Er war schon im Phantasien. Mit diesem Anruf gab er der Kindlichen Kaiserin des Phantasiens einen neuen Namen. Damit rettete er die sterbende Kindliche Kaiserin. Dafiir empf ang er AURYN, das Goldene Medaillon, das Zeichen der Kindlichen Kaiserin. Auf der Riickseite des Medaillons war eine Inschrift, ≫Tu Was Du Wills≪ Von AURYN gefuhrt, wanderte er durchs Phantasien, um nach seinem wahren Willen zu suchen. In Phantasien konnte er alles tun, was er will. Er wurde der schonsten Prinz, der Starkste, der grb'Bte Wohltater und der Weiseste in Phantasien. Aber jedesmal wenn sich sein Wunsch erfullte, musste seine Erinnerung an seine wirkliche Welt und sich selbst verloren werden. Das heiBt, die Selbstverwirklichung in Phantasien war der Verlust der Erinnerung an sich selbst in seiner wirklichen Welt. Zuletzt verlohr er seine letzte Erinnerung an sich selbst, d. h. seinen Namen. Das war sein vollkommener Tod von sich selbst in seiner wirklichen Welt. Alles, was er in Phantasien getan hat, war sein MiBerfolg. Zu guter Letzt nahm der Junge ohne Name AURYN ab, und legte das Kleinod vor Atreju. Dann schloB er die Augen. Als er wieder offnete, war er vor dem Springbrunnen von Wasser des Lebens. 3. Der dritte Prozeβ: Die Palingenese Als er von Atreju ≫Bastian Baltasar Buchs≪ wieder genannt wurde, durfte er das Wasser des Lebens trinken. Sie liefen gegen den Springbrunnen. Wahrend sie darauf zugingen, fiel mit jedem Schritt von Bastian eine der wunderbaren phantasischen Gaben nach der anderen ab. Aus dem schonen, starken und furchtlosen Helden wurde wieder der kleine, dicke und schlichterne Junge. Er sprang einf ach in das Wasser des Lebens hinein. Er trank und trank. Von Kopf bis FuB erfullte ihn Freude, er selbst zu sein. Denn wufite er wieder, wer er war und wohin er gehorte. Er war neu geboren. Er wollte genau der sein, wie er war. SchlieBlich hat er seinen wahren Willen gefunden. Mit der Freude, er selbst zu sein, und mit der Freude, lieben zu konnen, kam er wieder in seine wirkliche Welt zuriick. Wollen und Lieben war ein und dasselbe. Jetzt konnte er sich selbst lieben. n. Der Begriff der Entwicklung Bastian kam von Phantasien in die wirkliche Welt zuriick mit der Freude, lieben zu konnen. Jetzt hatte er keine Angst mehr vor dem Vater und Herrn Koreander. ≫Auch spaterhin, als er erwachsen und schlieBlich alt wurde,≪ sagt Ende, ≫verlieB ihn diese Freude nie mehr ganz. Auch in den schwersten Zeiten seines Lebens blieb ihm eine Herzensfrohheit, die ihn lacheln machte und andere Menschen um ihn trostete≪. Aus Angst wurde Freude, lieben zu konnen. Das ist der wichtigste Begriff der Entwicklung im Bildungsromann ≫Die unendliche Geschichte≪. Das Konzept seines Bildungsromans sei, sagt M. Ende, das der Alchimie im Mittelaher. Bei dem Endes Bildungsroman handelt es sich um die Alchimie der Seele. Bei ihm ist die Freude Gold.

    Studies in humanities 54(2), A85-A142, 2004-01-31

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  • Addiction and Gender  [in Japanese]

    Ishikawa Terumi

    嗜癖の社会学的研究においては、近代的自己の問題とするジェンダー・ニュートラルな捉え方が主要であるが、これは、臨床現場において発見されたジェンダー差を見逃している。第1章で、好発する嗜癖、回復像が男性と女性とでは大きく異なっていることを臨床からの報告をもとに述べる。このことは、嗜癖という現象が「男らしさ」「女らしさ」といった性役割規範を反映していることを示していると考える。そして第2章では、嗜癖の社会学的研究として、ベイトソンとギデンズの理論を取り上げ、嗜癖の近代性と自己像との関わりについて述べる。両者の違いは嗜癖を脱近代とみるか、近代性の徹底と見るかの違いである。嗜癖の実像を捉えることができるのは前者であると考える。臨床における発見と合致しているからだ。では、自己像が近代性を脱すると、いかなる姿が立ち現れるのか。このことを考えるために、第3章で自立とは現在どのように捉えられているのかをみてみると、そこにはジェンダー・バイアスの存在が認められる。以上をうけて第4章では、嗜癖を捉えるにはジェンダーの視点が必要であるとし、「自立」や「大人」とは何かを再考し、それに基づいて、嗜癖からの回復像について考察する。

    Studies in humanities and cultures 2, 125-140, 2004-01-10

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