Search Results 1-20 of 5316

  • The Effects of Story Retelling on Japanese High School Students' English Language Learning  [in Japanese]

    井長 洋

    … On the basis of previous studies, two research questions are set: Does SR help students to learn the words and expressions in the text they have read and does it help students to retain the words and expressions they have learned after a certain period of time? … Considering this implication, it is suggested that students be more exposed to the text before SR and receive explicit instructions about the target words or phrases in the text. …

    中等教育研究紀要 (66), 81-90, 2020-03-31

    IR  DOI 


    OHMIYA Yoshifumi , TANGE Manabu , NAKAMURA Kohji , MIYAZAWA Yuya

    … In this study, basic knowledge on water film properties was collected and discussed, focusing on the velocity and the arrival time of the water film flow formed on the steel shutter surface under non-heating.</p><p> Next, the temperature distribution etc. …

    Journal of Environmental Engineering (Transactions of AIJ) (768), 97-105, 2020-02


  • Numerical analysis of tsunami-triggered oil spill fires from petrochemical industrial complexes in Osaka Bay, Japan, for thermal radiation hazard assessment

    Nishino Tomoaki , Takagi Youhei

    … This study assesses thermal radiation hazards from tsunami-triggered oil spill fires from petrochemical industrial complexes in Japan, and demonstrates that the assessment provides useful results for understanding how large an area will be exposed to high thermal radiation, and which tsunami vertical evacuation buildings will be in danger from the fires. … Oil spills caused by the tsunami and fire spread over oil were numerically simulated for several scenarios by varying the initial ignition location and time. …

    International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction (42), 2020-01


  • The Representations of 'Natural' Women: The Female Image in Otojiro Kawakami's Production of <i>Terumaro: the Japanese Version of Hamlet</i> (1903)  [in Japanese]

    KAWANO Makiko

    … It was uncommon for both sexes to perform together at that time, so female performers exposed themselves to the risk of sexual objectification. …

    Comparative Theatre Review 19(1), 1-22, 2020



    SUDA Yuya , TOMIYAMA Jun , SAITO Tsuyoshi , SAEKI Tatsuhiko

    <p>本研究は、セメント硬化体の炭酸化に及ぼす相対湿度の影響を評価する目的で、20℃環境下のもと相対湿度11%、43%、66%、85%における炭酸化による収縮挙動と組織構造の変化に着目し検討を行った。その結果、乾燥時の相対湿度の違いにより炭酸化収縮の進行程度は異なり、相対湿度43%において収縮量が最も大きくなった。一方で炭酸化による水酸化カルシウムの残存量は相対湿度66%が最も少なく、 …

    Cement Science and Concrete Technology 73(1), 71-78, 2020


  • Control of Suspension Plasma Sprayed Yb Silicate coatings by means of SiO<sub>2</sub>-rich Suspension  [in Japanese]

    KITAHARA Takumi , YANAOKA Ryotaro , ICHIKAWA Yuji , OGAWA Kazuhiro , MASUDA Takaya , SATO Kazuto

    … However, when exposed to oxidative steam environment, SiC/SiC CMCs will reduce the thickness resulting from oxidation reactions. … At the same time, however, SPSed powders are easily influenced by residence time in the plasma flame, resulting in evaporation of particular materials and phase transition of feedstock powders. …

    Journal of Japan Thermal Spray Society 57(1), 20-26, 2020


  • Prevalence and molecular epidemiology of CMV and EBV among nurses working in pediatrics, transplantology, and primary health care

    Zając Patrycja W. , Czarkowska-Pączek Bożena , Wyczałkowska-Tomasik Aleksandra

    … <p><b>Objective</b>: The aim of the study was to determine and compare the prevalence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) antibodies and DNA among nurses working in different profiles of healthcare activity.</p><p><b>Material and methods</b>: The study population comprised 120 women (90 exposed healthcare workers and 30 controls). …

    Journal of Occupational Health 62(1), n/a, 2020


  • Combined exposure to dinotefuran and chronic mild stress counteracts the change of the emotional and monoaminergic neuronal activity induced by either exposure singly despite corticosterone elevation in mice

    TAKADA Tadashi , ISHIZUKA Mayumi , IKENAKA Yoshinori , HOSHI Nobuhiko , YONEDA Naoki , HIRANO Tetsushi , ONARU Kanoko , MANTANI Youhei , YOKOYAMA Toshifumi , KITAGAWA Hiroshi , TABUCHI Yoshiaki , NIMAKO Collins

    … For further toxicity assessments in the present study, we investigated the effects of DIN on mice exposed to stressful conditions. … A NOEL dose of DIN or CUMS alone increased of the total distance in OFT, decreased or increased the immobility time in TST or FST, respectively, and increased the positive intensity of 5-HT and TPH2 in the DRN/MRN, and TH in the SN. …

    Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 82(3), 350-359, 2020


  • Time-resolved Conformational Analysis during GPCR-Gs Coupling  [in Japanese]

    Du Yang , Asuru Awuri , Chance Mark R. , Lodowski David T. , Kobilka Brian K. , Chung Ka Young , Duc Nguyen Minh , Rasmussen Søren G.F. , Hilger Daniel , Kubiak Xavier , Wang Liwen , Bohon Jennifer , Kim Hee Ryung , Wegrecki Marcin

    Exposed or flexible regions have higher labeling rates and buried or ordered regions have lower labeling rates. …

    Proceedings for Annual Meeting of The Japanese Pharmacological Society 93(0), 3-S28-3, 2020


  • Overgeneralization of context fear memory promotes the despair behavior in PTSD-considered model mouse  [in Japanese]

    Moriya Miho , Hashimoto Rino , Maeda Sakura , Matsuki Tohru , Seki Kenjiro

    … However, the mice which was not exposed to context B on Day1 (Group A-B) showed the shorter freezing time in context B on Day2, indicating that the overgeneralization was induced by experiencing the context B after the conditioning in 3 h. … Group ABB mice exhibited the longer immobility time of tail suspension test (TST) than Group ABA and A-B. …

    Proceedings for Annual Meeting of The Japanese Pharmacological Society 93(0), 3-P-293, 2020


  • Interaction of Osp94, a hypertonic stress sensitive molecular chaperone, with mRNAs of tau alternative splicing variants  [in Japanese]

    Ayana Umemura , Matsuda Chihiro , Inayoshi Misaki , Mizutani Yasuyoshi , Kojima Ryoji

    … In Osp94-siRNA treated Neuro2a cells, 4R-/3R-tau mRNAs and its proteins expressions were analyzed by Real-time PCR and Western blotting, respectively. … Real-time PCR and Western blotting revealed marked decreases in 3R-tau mRNA and protein in cells exposed to Osp94-siRNA for 72 h. …

    Proceedings for Annual Meeting of The Japanese Pharmacological Society 93(0), 3-P-305, 2020


  • Anti-leukemia activity of baicalin and baicalein, flavonoids derived from <i>Scutellaria baicalensis</i> Georgi  [in Japanese]

    Nitto Takeaki , Sugimoto Takumi , Sawaki Kohei

    … Since both baicalin and baicalein showed anti-leukemic activities within a short time, we assessed the killing activities of these two compounds using a CCK-8 kit. … Observation under a microscope of the cells incubated with these two compounds for 3 h revealed deformation of the cells i.e. abnormal cell shapes such as swelling and blebbing, suggesting that the cells exposed to these compounds went into necrosic cell death. …

    Proceedings for Annual Meeting of The Japanese Pharmacological Society 93(0), 3-O-109, 2020


  • Social defeat stress decreases serotonin reuptake in the prefrontal cortex.  [in Japanese]

    Araki Ryota , Tanaka Eri , Nagamine Yugo , Tamura Yuka , Yabe Takeshi

    … In this study, to investigate mechanisms by which stressful events cause 5-HTergic dysfunctions, we analyzed function, gene expression and epigenetic modification in 5-HTergic systems in mice exposed to repeated social defeat stress. … The 5-HT uptake in the prefrontal cortex was correlated with time spent in the open arms in the elevated plus maze test, but not social avoidance or sucrose preference. …

    Proceedings for Annual Meeting of The Japanese Pharmacological Society 93(0), 2-P-174, 2020


  • Decrease the inhibitory synapse-related gene expression caused autism-like behavior in rats treated prenatal hypoxia condition  [in Japanese]

    Tokudome Kentaro , Matsunaga Shinji , Yamaguchi Takehiro , Tomita Shuhei

    … To elucidate these problems, we firstly addressed by generating hypoxia rat model.</p><p>Method: Pregnant F344 rats were exposed low O<sub>2 </sub>condition by using hypoxic chamber for 24 hours. … In gene expression analysis, neuro2a cells were exposed 1% O<sub>2</sub> … In behavioral test, hypoxia rats showed decrease social interaction time compared to F344 rats reared at normal condition (control rats). …

    Proceedings for Annual Meeting of The Japanese Pharmacological Society 93(0), 1-P-124, 2020


  • Multiphase Flow Behavior in a Single-Strand Continuous Casting Tundish during Ladle Change

    Ling Haitao , Xu Rui , Wang Haijun , Chang Lizhong , Qiu Shengtao

    … The effects of the refilling time and lowest operating level on the slag entrainment and the steel exposure during ladle change were analyzed and discussed, respectively. … Increasing the refilling time significantly decreased the amount of entrained oil and the exposed area in the impact zone during ladle change. … To reduce the slag entrainment and the steel exposure during ladle change, the refilling time in the prototype should be larger than 3 minutes. …

    ISIJ International 60(3), 499-508, 2020


  • Overexpression of MECP2 attenuates cigarette smoke extracts induced lung epithelial cell injury by promoting CYP1B1 methylation

    Lin Junhong , Peng Junzheng , Liu Guosheng , Deng Li

    … <p>MECP2 (Methyl-CpG-binding protein 2) has been shown to have a critical role in regulating DNA methylation against smoke exposed lung injury. … Human bronchial epithelial (16HBE) and alveolar type II epithelial cells (AECII) were exposed to increasing concentrations of cigarette smoke extracts (CSE) solution to establish CSE-induced lung epithelial cell injury models. …

    The Journal of Toxicological Sciences 45(3), 177-186, 2020


  • Real-time in-situ Rheological Assessment of Sticky Point Temperature and Humidity of Powdered Products

    Groen Johan C. , Kooijman Wim , van Belzen Djamilla , Meesters Gabrie M.H. , Schütz Denis , Aschl Timothy , Verolme Patrick

    … <p>Unwanted changes in powder flow behavior can unexpectedly occur when a product is exposed to certain conditions of temperature and humidity. … The developed methodology makes it possible to vary in-situ the temperature and the relative humidity of the air to which the product is exposed, thereby mimicking realistic conditions of production or related unit operations. …

    KONA Powder and Particle Journal 37(0), 176-186, 2020


  • Formation of Mullite Coating by Aerosol Deposition and Microstructural Change after Heat Exposure

    Shibuya Toshiki , Mizuno Taisuke , Iuchi Atsuhisa , Hasegawa Makoto

    … When the specimen was exposed to heat for 10 h, the coating at the surface side and the coatings at the central part and near the interface between the substrate and the coating were composed of two phases, (Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>+mullite) and (SiO<sub>2</sub>+mullite), respectively. … The thickness of the layer increased with increasing heat exposure time. …

    MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS 61(3), 540-547, 2020


  • Effects of exposure to imidacloprid direct and poisoned cotton aphids <i>Aphis gossypii</i> on ladybird <i>Hippodamia variegata</i> feeding behavior

    Wumuerhan Patima , Yuntao Jiang , Deying Ma

    … variegata</i>, and these effects were time and dose dependent. … Predation was most adversely affected when the ladybirds directly consumed poisoned aphids and less so when directly exposed to the insecticide at sublethal concentrations. …

    Journal of Pesticide Science 45(1), 24-28, 2020


  • Antibacterial property of chitosan against <i>E. faecalis</i> standard strain and clinical isolates


    … Bacterial cultures were exposed to 1,700 and 2,100 kDa chitosan at MBC for 1, 3, 5, 10, and 60 min in time-kill assays and plated on brain-heart-infusion (BHI) agar for colony counts. …

    Dental Materials Journal, 2020


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