Search Results 1-20 of 27

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  • Continuing Challenges to International Law and Order from Evolving Technologies such as Blockchain

    Miller Richard , Richard Miller

    … Following the implementation of a new technology, there are disruptions to traditional customs, causing an evolution of social, political, and economic activities. … the development of weapons of mass destruction have created similar situations, such as in North Korea, where a small state has bypassed global norms and regulations to become an independent nuclear power. …

    Hirao School of Management review = Hirao School of Management review (9), 41-52, 2019-03-31

    IR  DOI 

  • The Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons : Significance and Challenges  [in Japanese]

    黒澤 満

    論文核兵器禁止条約が国連会議において2007 年7 月に採択され、核軍縮の分野における新たな進展が見られた。これは伝統的な核軍縮交渉によるものではなく、非核兵器国を中心に核兵器の禁止を定めるもので、長期的に核兵器に悪の烙印を押すことにより核廃絶を進めようとするものである。本稿では、条約の背景および交渉過程をまず検討し、中心的には条約の内容を詳細に分析し、条約に対する反対意見を紹介し、条約の意義を明 …

    大阪女学院大学紀要 = Journal of Osaka Jogakuin 4year College (14), 15-32, 2017

    IR 

  • Overcoming Nuclear Tragedy : The Case of the Rongelap People in the Marshall Islands Suffered from H-Bomb Test

    NAKAHARA Satoe

    … Pursuing registration as a world heritage site and the reproduction of traditional local food are important ways in which the community has worked to reconstruct their lives based on a temporary island. … It is important for them to reproduce dried pandanus in a temporary island, in particular, as it is a traditional and principal product of Rongelap people. …

    Japanese Review of Cultural Anthropology 14(0), 73-93, 2013

    J-STAGE 

  • Study on Urushi Objects Excavated at Takashima Underwater Site  [in Japanese]

    北野 信彦 , 本多 貴之 , 松尾 昭子 , 高妻 洋成

    … As a result, some techniques different from traditional Japanese ones were found to have been used in making these objects. … (6) It is possible that this technique was chosen because it was effective in mass producing weapons like bows and other expendable items. …

    保存科学 = Science for conservation (50), 229-238, 2011-03-31

    IR  DOI 

  • From hand-gun to swivel gun : Firearms in Maritime East Asia from 14th to 16th Centuries  [in Japanese]

    中島 楽章

    The Journal of history 148, 1-37, 2011-03

    IR  DOI 

  • Failed States, Norms of Good Governance, and Legal Sovereignty: A Structural Analysis:Reciprocal Reconfiguration of International and Domestic Orders

    OKAGAKI Tomoko T.

    … by the international community has made state failure stand out as an anomaly when compared to the traditional sense of statehood. …

    International Relations 2007(147), 48-61,L8, 2007

    J-STAGE 

  • U. S. -China Relations in the post-Cold War Era:The U.S. Foreign Policy in the World after the Cold War

    MIFUNE Emi

    … S. containment policy toward China.<br>These changing contexts have affected the way in which the United States and China currently address chief elements in their relationship such as conflicts over human rights, issues regarding Taiwan, the proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction, and economic ties. … through political accommodations and sales or transfers of weapons and military technology to these nations, including Iran and Sudan, whose blatant abuse of human rights is supported by arms supplied by China. …

    International Relations 2007(150), 150-167,L16, 2007

    J-STAGE 

  • The Concept of Civilian Power Revisited:a case of EU policy towards Iraq

    NAKAMURA Hidetoshi

    … The new concept of civilian power was introduced as different from the traditional concept of military power. … International society would effectively disarm Saddam of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and change his undemocratic regime. …

    EU Studies in Japan 2004(24), 207-228,323, 2004

    J-STAGE 

  • Non-Traditional Security Challenges: Coping with Ocean Low Intensity Conflicts(OLICs) and Pirate Attacks; A View from Japanese Experience

    佐藤 考一 , Koichi Sato

    … Much has been said about the non-traditional security issues in East Asia, because of the rise in number of low intensity conflicts (LICs) and transnational crimes such as pirates, illeagal immigrants, illicit trafficking of drugs and weapons. … The Japanese pay serious attention to North Korean spy ships and pirates issues among these non-traditional security challenges mentioned above. …

    Obirin review of international studies (16), 7-22, 2004

    IR 

  • An Emerging International Order in 21st Century : A Greater American KAI (a civilized/barbarian) order  [in Japanese]

    加藤 朗 , Akira Kato

    … At the present time in which the probability of the outbreak of wars among powers is unthinkably low because nuclear weapons are de facto prohibited in wars, international terrorism is a starter to change a world system from the systematic wars of the first and the second world war. … In this context, 9.11 terrorism pull a trigger to create a new world order like a greater American KAI(a civilized/barbarian) order instead of a traditional state-centric international order. …

    Obirin review of international studies (15), 45-61, 2003

    IR 

  • Strategic Cultures in U. S. and Japan's Counter-Terrorism Policy:Cultural Perspectives and International Relations Studies

    MIYASAKA Naofumi

    … In the late 1990s, Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) terrorism had reached the top of the agenda in counter-terrorism communities. … S.' traditional sensitivity to homeland defense, which takes over the Domestic Preparedness Program in the Clinton Administration.<br>Japan also has national ideas of terrorism. …

    International Relations 2002(129), 61-76,L10, 2002

    J-STAGE 

  • The Process and Prospects of Civil War in Sierra Leone, 1991-2001

    MUTSUJI Shoji

    シエラレオネ内戦は複雑な経緯を辿ったが, それは主に武力行使に関与する国内アクターが離合集散を繰り返したことと, 政権が目まぐるしく交代したことによる。内戦発生以後のほとんどの政権に共通することは, 独自の紛争対応が困難であったため, 民兵や民間軍事企業に依存したことである。これらのアクターは革命統一戦線 (Revolutionary United Front: RUF) との軍事的対決に有効な機 …

    Journal of African Studies 2002(60), 139-149, 2002

    J-STAGE 

  • Bush Administration's Nuclear Weapons Policy: New Obstacles to Nuclear Disarmament

    Seiitsu TACHIBANA

    … In his May 2001 statement President Bush set forth a comprehensive policy on US nuclear weapons. … In place of the Cold War concept of deterrence based on mutual assured destruction, Bush came up with 'new concepts of deterrence' with a broad strategy of active counter-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and of defence. … Bush's reductions are only in 'operationally deployed' warheads, contrary to the traditional rules for counting all deployed warheads as active forces. …

    Hiroshima peace science. (24), 105-133, 2002

    IR  DOI 

  • CHARACTERISTIC AND HISTORY OF THE CHINESE MARTIAL ART “CHANG CHUAN”  [in Japanese]

    ZHANG Cheng Zhong

    … In the clear rhythm and motions of ups and downs and turns in chang chuan, traditional Chinese culture and aesthetic concepts are expressed. … Currently, chang chuan is not only a form of martial arts intended for self defense, but an art form which has preserved Chinese traditional aesthetics and medical skills. … I am determined to continue to provide multi-faceted insights into nan chuan, tai chi, martial arts that employ weapons, and other traditional martial arts. …

    Research Journal of Budo 34(2), 41-51, 2001

    J-STAGE 

  • Indira Gandhi Regime's Strategy for Self-Reliance and Underlying Factors toward a Closer Indo-Soviet Relationship:The “Nation-States”and International Politics in South Asia

    YOSHIDA Osamu

    … India also promoted more exports of traditional goods and raw materials. …

    International Relations 2001(127), 33-49,L8, 2001

    J-STAGE 

  • The Anatomy of Somalia's Famine,1992:Entitlement Approach

    MATSUI Noriatsu

    … We discuss, however, in this paper that none of the traditional factors including food shortages, population pressure, and natural disasters is the true and direct cause of the famine. … At the end of the Cold War, Somalia has ceased to receive any foreign aid, of which the major categories had been food and weapons from the Soviet Union in one period and from the United States in another period. … Food was used as weapons in the fights among clans. …

    Bulletin of the Faculty of International Studies,Yamaguchi Prefectural University (6), 83-93, 2000

  • Separate but Shared: The U.S. Government and Separation of Powers  [in Japanese]

    Abe Takematsu

    … Because of frequently voiced critiicsm of the blending of executive, legislative, and judiciary in the proposed constitution, Madison had to restate the traditional theories which had been advocated by John Locke and Baron de Montesquieu. … The blendin of powers limits not only government, but also provides weapons by which each department could defend its position in the contsitutional system. …

    The Japanese Journal of Law and Political Science 35(2), 94-102, 1999

    J-STAGE 

  • Gorbachev's Diplomacy and End of the Cold War  [in Japanese]

    YOSHIDA Masayoshi

    … The foreign policies pursued by Gorbachev, which overthrew the traditional Soviet's "No" diplomacy: "NEW THINKING" meaning "In an age of weapons of mass destruction, no security to either party can be achieved. …

    Bulletin of Shinshu Junior College 9(2), 1-14, 1997-12

  • Nuclear Non-Proliferation Issues in the Post-Cold War Era:Arms Transfers in the Post-Cold War World

    NAYA Masatsugu

    … Such uncertainties surrounding the problem seem to stem partly from the recent fundamental transformation of contents of the issue, which makes inadequate the traditional “nonproliferation” … Argentina and Brazil have also agreed explicitly to renounce the development of nuclear weapons and to establish a framework for implementation of fullscope IAEA safeguards. …

    International Relations 1995(108), 116-130,L14, 1995

    J-STAGE 

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