Search Results 1-20 of 855

  • Chemical composition of kettle holes as an indicator of salinity of small water bodies in northern Poland (the Parsęta catchment, the Borucinka drainage basin)

    Cieśliński Roman , Major Maciej , Pietruszyński Łukasz

    … There are many natural conditions that determine their salinity, those listed most often including alimentation, morphometric features, the dynamics of processes taking place in a drainage basin, paths of water supply, the land-use pattern, agricultural pollution, primary production, and the kind of soil cover. … Laboratory analyses concerned primarily the concentrations of ions determining the hydrogeochemical types of water. …

    GEOCHEMICAL JOURNAL 54(2), 43-56, 2020


  • Silicate fertilizer improves grain quality in brewers' rice (<i>Oryza sativa</i> L.) 'Toyonishiki'  [in Japanese]

    Asami Hidenori , Miura Yumi , Watanabe Tomohiro , Uno Toru , Tajima Ryosuke , Saito Masanori , Ito Toyoaki

    … Silicon is known to improve water use efficiency, photosynthetic ability, and root vitality of rice plants, resulting in increased yields and grain quality. … In addition, the water uptake ability of roots and the stomatal conductance of leaves during ripening tended to increase with the application of silicate fertilizer. …

    Japanese Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 91(1), 11-20, 2020


  • Effects of major vein blockage and aquaporin inhibition on leaf hydraulics and stomatal conductance

    Harayama Hisanori , Kitao Mitsutoshi , Agathokleous Evgenios , Ishida Atsushi

    … The density and architecture of leaf veins determine the network and efficiency of water transport within laminae and resultant leaf gas exchange and vary widely among plant species. … Leaf hydraulic conductance (Kleaf) can be regulated by vein architecture in conjunction with the water channel protein aquaporin. … However, our understanding of how leaf veins and aquaporins affect leaf hydraulics and stomatal conductance (gs) remains poor. …

    Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 286(1904), 2019-06-04


  • Ozone changes the linear relationship between photosynthesis and stomatal conductance and decreases water use efficiency in rice  [in Japanese]

    Masutomi Yuji , Kinose Yoshiyuki , Takimoto Takahiro , Yonekura Tetsushi , Oue Hiroki , Kobayashi Kazuhiko

    … <p>Ozone is an important air pollutant that affects growth, transpiration, and water use efficiency (WUE) in plants. … Integrated models of photosynthesis (An) and stomatal conductance (Gs) (An - Gs) are useful tools to consistently assess the impacts of ozone on plant growth, transpiration, and WUE. …

    Proceeding of Annual Conference 32(0), 106, 2019


  • Physiological, Organic and Inorganic Biochemical Changes in the Leaves of Elephant Ear (<i>Colocasia esculenta</i> Schott var. aquatillis)

    Cha-um Kwankhao , Sangjun Sirikorn , Prawetchayodom Kunyapon , Theerawitaya Cattarin , Tisarum Rujira , Klomklaeng Sukanya , Cha-um Suriyan

    … aquatilis) and examine the rate of release of these compounds in water soluble forms. … However, the P<sub>n</sub>, transpiration rate (E), and stomatal conductance (g<sub>s</sub>) in young leaves were lower than those in fully expanded and older leaves, resulting in low levels of total soluble sugar content in both the petioles and leaf blades of young leaves. …

    The Horticulture Journal 88(4), 499-506, 2019


  • Age-related changes in the biophysical properties of skin moisture levels in the middle-aged women over a 4-year period (winter only)  [in Japanese]

    Hideo OHNO , Naoki NISHIMURA , Satoshi IWASE , Junichi SUGENOYA , Rumiko NISHIMURA , Satoru SUGIYAMA

    … Sebum contents, transepidermal water loss (TEWL), and skin conductance were measured on the forehead, the lateral outer canthus, and the cheek in a climate chamber (24°C, relative humidity: 35%). … On the other hand, the TEWL nor the skin conductance did not change over the 4 years. …


    J-STAGE  Ichushi Web 

  • Interactive effects of ectomycorrhizae, fertilization and drought on growth and physiology of container-grown larch  [in Japanese]

    Agathokleous Evgenios , Kitao Mitsutoshi , Harayama Hisanori , Komatsu Masabumi , Uemura Akira , Koike Takayoshi

    <p>[in Japanese]</p>

    The Japanese Forest Society Congress 130(0), 613, 2019


  • Effect of soil drought on mature Japanese cedar trees: Ⅰ. Leaf water use characteristics  [in Japanese]

    Inoue Yuta , Araki Masatake G. , Tsurita Tatsuya , Sakata Tadashi , Tanaka Kenzo , Kitaoka Satoshi , Saito Satoshi

    <p>[in Japanese]</p>

    The Japanese Forest Society Congress 130(0), 553, 2019


  • On air-entraining flow in pump's sump with a vertical suction pipe below critical submergence

    HIRATA Katsuya , HATTORI Masakatsu , MORITA Akira , MAEDA Tsuyoshi , NOGUCHI Takashi

    … of the air entrainment in over-critical-submergence condition, using a conductance-type electric sensor which can detect the existence of air bubbles through a suction pipe with no disturbances by the sensor probe and with a fine spatial resolution in order to achieve accurate measurements. …

    Journal of Fluid Science and Technology 14(1), JFST0003-JFST0003, 2019


  • Effects of water table depth control on physiological traits and seed yield of nodulating and non-nodulating soybeans in different soil types.  [in Japanese]

    島田 信二 , 松浦 和哉 , 藤森 新作

    … This study aimed to analyze the effects of four water table depths (Cont: not controlling water table; … WT20, WT40, and WT80: water table was maintained at -20, -40, and -80 cm depth from the soil surface, respectively) and different four soils (GY: Gley soil, GLL: Gray lowland soil, LCA: Light-colored Andosol, SDR: Sand-dune Regosol), on the leaf color (SPAD value), photosynthesis, nodule nitrogen fixation, and seed yield of soybean variety Enrei and its near isogenic non-nodulating line En1282. …

    農研機構研究報告 中央農業研究センター = Bulletin of the NARO, Agricultural Research for Central Region (5), 39-58, 2018-10-11

    IR  DOI 


    ITO Sei , AKASHI Yasunori , LIM Jongyeon , MIURA Nobuhiro , KAWAMURA Akihiro

    … a prediction method for CRCP cooling performance, we proposed the heat balance model for CRCP systems and conducted fundamental experiments.<br> The heat balance model for CRCPs is considered based on five heat balance equations: (A) room space and room side CRCP surface, (B) plenum space and plenum side CRCP surface, (C) room side CRCP surface and chilled water in CRCP pipes, (D) plenum side CRCP surface and chilled water in CRCP pipes and (E) chilled water in CRCP pipe and CRCP …

    Journal of Environmental Engineering (Transactions of AIJ) (751), 737-747, 2018-09


  • The effects of exercise and passive heating on the sweat glands ion reabsorption rates

    Gerrett Nicola , Amano Tatsuro , Inoue Yoshimitsu , Havenith George , Kondo Narihiko

    … passive heating (PH) (43°C water lower leg immersion) in 27°C, 50%RH. … Oesophageal temperature (T-es), skin temperature (T-sk), and forearm, chest and lower back sweat rate (SR) and galvanic skin conductance (GSC) were measured. …

    Physiological Reports 6(5), e13619, 2018-03


  • Effects of Gravity on Stem Sap Flow and Water and Heat Exchange in the Leaves of Sweetpotato

    TOKUDA Ayako , KITAYA Yoshiaki , HIRAI Hiroaki , HASHIMOTO Hirofumi , INATOMI Yuko

    … During parabolic airplane flights, we investigated stem sap flow without forced air movement and water vapor conductance with forced air movement using sweetpotato plants. … The water vapor conductance of the plant leaves increased under microgravity at an air velocity of 0.25 m∙s-1. …

    International journal of microgravity science and application 35(3), 350302, 2018


  • Assessment of salinity tolerance capacity on biochemical attributes and nutrient uptake of promising tomato genotypes

    Moniruzzaman M. , Akand Md. Hasanuzzaman , Shil N.C , Rashid M.M.

    … Six levels (1.14, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 dS/m) of irrigation water salinity were imposed to three genotypes of tomato V<sub>1</sub> … The photosynthetic rate, transpiration rate, stomatal conductance and intercellular CO<sub>2 </sub> … concentration showed significant negative linear relationships with electrical conductivity of the irrigation water. …

    Bulletin of the Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Kyushu University 41(0), 21-44, 2018


  • Constancy of evapotranspiration at tropical rainforests  [in Japanese]

    Kosugi Yoshiko , Takanashi Satoru , Noguchi Shoji , Itoh Masayuki , Nakaji Tatsuro , Kamakura Mai , Azuma Wakana , Shumsuddin Siti Aisha , Lion Marryanna

    熱帯雨林機能の評価は、世界的にも重要な課題と目されており、数々の数値実験や衛星データを使った広域マッピングなどが世界中でおこなわれているが、水の影響を定量評価するのに、数値モデリングによる解析や、年・月単位降水量・土壌水分等との単なる相関解析だけでは不十分である。現地測定に基づくガス交換の動的変動に関する詳細な情報に基づいて生態系の反応特性を定量化する作業が不可欠であるが、そのような情報はこれまで …

    Proceeding of Annual Conference 31(0), 54, 2018


  • Seasonal changes in water potential, photosynthesis and transpiration rates in canopy needles of <i>Cryptomeria japonica</i>  [in Japanese]

    Inoue Yuta , Kitaoka Satoshi , Araki Masatake , Tsurita Tatsuya , Sakata Tadashi , Tanaka Kenzo , Saito Satoshi

    <p>[in Japanese]</p>

    The Japanese Forest Society Congress 129(0), 293, 2018


  • Effect of Ectomycorrhiza on the Growth of Container Grown Q.serrata (Konara) Seedlings in Dry Condition  [in Japanese]

    Omari Abdulhaq , Toda Hiroto , Choi Dongsu

    <p>[in Japanese]</p>

    The Japanese Forest Society Congress 129(0), 288, 2018


  • Random Forests as a Tool for Analyzing Partial Drought Stress Based on CO<sub>2</sub> Concentrations in the Rootzone of Longan Trees

    FUKUDA Shinji , SPREER Wolfram , WIRIYA-ALONGKORN Winai , SPOHRER Klaus , YASUNAGA Eriko , TIYAYON Chantalak

    … This study aims at establishing a relationship between water supply and CO<sub>2</sub> … concentration in the rootzone, soil moisture and stomatal conductance indicated a weak correlation between the CO<sub>2</sub> … In this study, Random Forests was applied to establish a CO<sub>2</sub>-water stress relationship based on air temperature, relative humidity, vapour pressure deficit and soil moisture. …

    Environment Control in Biology 56(2), 25-31, 2018


  • Recent advances in hereditary renal tubular disorders  [in Japanese]

    Miura Kenichiro , Hattori Motoshi

    … In Bartter syndrome type 3, severe mutations and missense mutations resulting in poor residual conductance were associated with younger age at diagnosis. … On the other hand, responsible genes have not been identified in substantial proportion of patients with renal tubular disorders, suggesting that factors modulating established molecules regulating water, electrolyte, and acid-base balance may be involved.</p> …

    Nihon Shoni Jinzobyo Gakkai Zasshi 31(1), 12-20, 2018

    J-STAGE  Ichushi Web 

  • A Preliminary Experiment on the Effects of Leaf Wetting on Gas Exchange in Tomato Leaves

    YOKOYAMA Gaku , YASUTAKE Daisuke , KITANO Masaharu

    … To evaluate the effects of leaf wetting on midday depression of photosynthesis in horticultural crops, we analyzed leaf gas exchange (transpiration rate, stomatal conductance, photosynthetic rate) of tomato plants under two different treatments (the Wet treatment and No-wet treatment as control). … In the No-wet treatment, transpiration rate, stomatal conductance, and photosynthetic rate at 14:00 were decreased compared to those at 11:00. …

    Environment Control in Biology 56(1), 13-16, 2018


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