Search Results 1-20 of 2692

  • The Effect of Aerobic Exercise on Cognitive Aspect of Appetite and Its Factors : Basic Research on Appetite in Children with Developmental Disabilities  [in Japanese]

    大内田 裕 , 藤原 美宥 , 大内田 靖子

    多くの発達障害児は、食物に対する偏食や過食などの食欲に関する問題を抱えている。この過剰で偏った食欲を生じさせるメカニズムとして、脳における様々な依存症を引き起こす快楽・報酬系神経回路の関与が報告されている。また、近年有酸素運動は脳の情動系や報酬系神経回路に強く影響を与えることが多くの研究で報告されており、食欲制御への効果を期待できる。しかし、実施が容易な低強度の有酸素運動の食欲に与える効果は、研究 …

    大阪教育大学紀要. 総合教育科学 = Memoirs of Osaka Kyoiku University. Educational science 69, 107-117, 2021-02

    IR  DOI 

  • An Optimal Legal System for Securing the Safe Driving of Autonomous Vehicle in Considering the Recent Related Situation  [in Japanese]

    今井 猛嘉

    自動車技術 = Journal of Society of Automotive Engineers of Japan 75(1), 29-35, 2021-01

  • Obesity : Recent Findings and Problems  [in Japanese]

    Nozaki Takehiro , Komaki Gen , Sudo Nobuyuki

    <p>肥満は先進国のみならず, 発展途上国でも爆発的に増加している. 肥満症は多くの医学的合併症や併存疾患が出現する慢性代謝疾患である. 肥満に関連する健康被害と医療コストは莫大なものとなっている. 肥満症対策は各国での喫緊の課題であり, さまざまな取り組みがなされているが, 十分に成功しているとは言い難い. 一方, 肥満症は非常に複雑な多因子疾患でもある. 肥満症は, 遺伝的, 生物 …

    Japanese Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine 61(3), 231-241, 2021

    J-STAGE 

  • Effects of resistance training using elastic bands on muscle strength with or without a leucine supplement for 48 weeks in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes

    Yamamoto Yutaro , Nagai Yoshio , Kawanabe Shin , Hishida Yoshiaki , Hiraki Koji , Sone Masakatsu , Tanaka Yasushi

    … We conducted a 48-week prospective single-center randomized controlled trial in 60 patients who were randomly allocated to one of three groups: control (C), resistance exercise (R), and resistance exercise plus supplement (RL). … Knee extension strength (muscle strength), grip strength, usual gait speed (physical function), muscle mass, and cognitive function were assessed at 0 and 48 weeks. …

    Endocrine Journal 68(3), 291-298, 2021

    J-STAGE 

  • Executive function in Japanese amateur soccer players::Assessment using the Design Fluency Test and the Advance Trail Making Test  [in Japanese]

    MATSUTAKE Takahiro

    … The DFT is a standardized test that assesses working memory, inhibitory control, and cognitive flexibility, as well as creativity and planning, whereas parts A and B of the ATMT are used to assess attention-switching, working memory and visuomotor abilities. …

    Taiikugaku kenkyu (Japan Journal of Physical Education, Health and Sport Sciences) 66(0), 171-178, 2021

    J-STAGE 

  • Hypo-serotonergic function is involved in the prenatal valproic acid-induced behavioral changes and hyper-excitation in the prefrontal cortex of mice  [in Japanese]

    Hitomi Kurahashi , Akihiro Mouri , Kazuo Kunisawa , Hisayoshi Kubota , Masaya Hasegawa , Yasuko Yamamoto , Kuniaki Saito , Toshitaka Nabeshima

    … In this study, we investigated how VPA (500 mg/kg) at embryonic day 12.5 changes the emotional, cognitive and glutamatergic functions in the offspring of mice. …

    Proceedings for Annual Meeting of The Japanese Pharmacological Society 94(0), 3-O-E4-1, 2021

    J-STAGE 

  • Enriched environment reverts decreased sociability in prenatal folate deficiency mice  [in Japanese]

    Yoshikawa Misato , Aso Hiroaki , Watanabe Masahiko , Suemaru Katsuya

    … Enriched environment (EE) is known to positively influence emotional and cognitive functions. … ICR mice were fed a control diet of chow (2 mg folate/kg diet) or a folate deficiency diet of chow (0.3 mg folate/kg diet) from embryonic day 1 to delivery. … The expression of GABA-synthesizing enzymes (GAD65/67) significantly decreased in FD mice compared with control mice. …

    Proceedings for Annual Meeting of The Japanese Pharmacological Society 94(0), 2-P1-43, 2021

    J-STAGE 

  • Evaluation of cognitive function in diabetic germ-free mice  [in Japanese]

    Kobayashi Hiroyuki , Shimato Nozomu , Nonomura Hiroko , Nishiyama Ryusei , Mizuki Takuji , Hirasawa Yasushi , Murasawa Hiroyasu , Pawlak Akiko , Katayama Kazutaka , Kishigai Daisuke , Shimato Saki , Sugiyama Miki , Okuyama Masae , Imaizumi Takahito

    … It has been reported that the cognitive function is impaired in the streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mouse model. … However, effects of alteration of the intestinal flora due to dementia on the cognitive function have not been adequately assessed. …

    Proceedings for Annual Meeting of The Japanese Pharmacological Society 94(0), 2-P1-12, 2021

    J-STAGE 

  • Selective δ-opioid receptor agonist, KNT-127, facilitates extinction learning of contextual fear via fear circuitry in mice.  [in Japanese]

    Kawaminami Ayako , Yamada Daisuke , Yanagisawa Shoko , Shirakata Motoki , Iio Keita , Nagase Hiroshi , Saitoh Akiyoshi

    … <p>Facilitation of fear extinction learning is one of the desirable actions for the drug that has efficacy to enhance cognitive behavioral therapy in the treatment for fear-related psychological diseases, such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). … Microinjection of KNT-127 (0.125μg/ml) in the basolateral nucleus of the amygdala (BLA), but not dorsal and ventral part of hippocampal CA1, significantly reduced freezing responses both in re-exposures 1 and 2 when compared with those of control mice. …

    Proceedings for Annual Meeting of The Japanese Pharmacological Society 94(0), 1-Y-F2-1, 2021

    J-STAGE 

  • High salt intake induces hypertension and abnormal behaviors with peripheral inflammatory response  [in Japanese]

    Kubota Hisayoshi , Saito Kuniaki , Nabeshima Toshitaka , Mouri Akihiro , Kunisawa Kazuo , Hasegawa Masaya , Kurahashi Hitomi , Yamamoto Yasuko , Tezuka Hiroyuki , Kugita Masanori , Nagao Shizuko

    … However, an involvement of the brain-peripheral interaction in the HS-induced hypertension and cognitive dysfunction is still unclear. … In this study, we confirmed the effect of HS intake on the blood pressure and cognitive and emotional functions in mice. …

    Proceedings for Annual Meeting of The Japanese Pharmacological Society 94(0), 1-Y-F2-4, 2021

    J-STAGE 

  • A GPCR-based 'memory' process mediates the influence of predictive learning on choice between competing courses of action.  [in Japanese]

    Balleine Bernard

    … <p>The cognitive control of action reflects our ability to extract and encode causal relationships from the environment to guide choice between different courses of action. … To investigate this process at both a psychological and a neural level we have adopted a model of cognitive control in rodents in which the influence of predictive learning on action selection is assessed in an instrumental choice situation: the Pavlovian-instrumental transfer paradigm. …

    Proceedings for Annual Meeting of The Japanese Pharmacological Society 94(0), 1-SL4, 2021

    J-STAGE 

  • Alteration of parvalbumin expression and perineuronal nets formation in the anterior cingulate cortex of <i>Fabp3 </i>KO mice  [in Japanese]

    Yamamoto Yui , Owada Yuji , Fukunaga Kohji , Kamijo Keiju

    … Previously, we showed that FABP3 is strongly expressed in the parvalbumin-expressing interneurons (PV neurons) of the mouse anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), which is a component of the limbic cortex and is important for the coordination of cognitive and emotional behaviors. … These findings demonstrate that FABP3 is involved in the control of expression of PV and formation of PNNs in the ACC, thus suggesting the importance of PUFA homeostasis in the ACC for maturation of PV neurons.</p> …

    Proceedings for Annual Meeting of The Japanese Pharmacological Society 94(0), 1-P1-07, 2021

    J-STAGE 

  • Recovery of memory deficits by the overexpression of Shati/Nat8l in the hippocampus in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease  [in Japanese]

    Kakeru Chino , Izuo Naotaka , Kuboyama Tomoharu , Tohda Chihiro , Muramatsu Shinichi , Nitta Atsumi

    … We have been reported that Shati/Nat8l is involved in the cognitive function and stress sensitivity. … As a control group, AAV including GFP was injected to 5xFAD (AD-mock).</p><p>【Results】In a novel object recognition test, which evaluates cognitive function, cognitive impairment was confirmed in AD-mock mice as a typical phenotype of AD model mice. … In comparison, cognitive function was improved in AD-Shati mice. …

    Proceedings for Annual Meeting of The Japanese Pharmacological Society 94(0), 1-O-C3-2, 2021

    J-STAGE 

  • How subtle linguistic cues prevent unethical behaviors  [in Japanese]

    Guo Wen , Liu Huanxu , Yang Jingwen , Mo Yuqi , Zhong Can , Yamada Yuki

    … vs. baseline as a control) for each group. …

    Proceedings of the Japanese Society for Cognitive Psychology 2020(0), 7-7, 2021

    J-STAGE 

  • A Pilot Study to Examine the Intervention Effects of PICMOR on Regional Brain Volume in Healthy Older Adults  [in Japanese]

    Sugimoto Hikaru , Otake Mihoko

    … <p></p><p>To improve cognitive functions in older adults, we have developed a social activity-based intervention program, named Photo-Integrated Conversation Moderated by Robots (PICMOR). … To examine the intervention effects on cognitive functions, we previously conducted a randomized controlled trial for healthy older adults. … Results showed that the volume of the lateral prefrontal cortex was significantly greater in the intervention group than in the control group. …

    Proceedings of the Japanese Society for Cognitive Psychology 2020(0), 43-43, 2021

    J-STAGE 

  • Suppression of intrusive thought about coffee and tea reduces time spent on learning for report task  [in Japanese]

    Nabeta Tomohiro

    … In control condition they wrote a report as they thought about anything. … The results showed that participants more frequently thought about coffee and tea when they wrote a report in the thought suppression condition than when they wrote a report in the control condition. … Importantly the time spent on writing a report was shorter in the though suppression condition than in the control condition. …

    Proceedings of the Japanese Society for Cognitive Psychology 2020(0), 28-28, 2021

    J-STAGE 

  • 人間のようなロボットが非人間グループに所属する可能性はあるか?  [in Japanese]

    WU XUE , Sasaki Kyoshiro , Yamada Yuki

    … The experiment contained a 2 (category: Human vs Human-like Robot) × 3 (facial expression: positive, negative and control) within-subject factor. …

    Proceedings of the Japanese Society for Cognitive Psychology 2020(0), 12-12, 2021

    J-STAGE 

  • How Does Expertise in Various Academic Fields Affect Persuasiveness?  [in Japanese]

    Yang Jingwen , Yamada Yuki

    … A 2 (academic field: social sciences vs natural sciences) × 3 (source expertise: high vs low vs control) design is adopted in the research, in which participants were asked to read 4 articles from 2 academic fields and make evaluations on persuasiveness, scientific level, involvement, difficulty and so on. …

    Proceedings of the Japanese Society for Cognitive Psychology 2020(0), 6-6, 2021

    J-STAGE 

  • Influence of Awe on the Divergent Thinking  [in Japanese]

    Sawada Kazuki , Nomura Michio

    … Although previous study has suggested that awe promotes liberation from the cognitive restriction and enhances divergent creativity, its psychological mechanism remains unclear. … The results revealed that induction of awe enhances scores on creativity (e.g., fluency) than that of control. …

    Proceedings of the Japanese Society for Cognitive Psychology 2020(0), 101-101, 2021

    J-STAGE 

  • Influence of Task Characteristics and Rating Words on the Impact Bias in Regret  [in Japanese]

    ICHIMURA Kenshiro , TAOKA Daiki , MIYAHARA Rina

    … The degree of failure (narrow/wide) was manipulated and the two types of regret (anticipated/experienced) were assessed using two experimental tasks: (1) participants could control the results, or (2) they could not control the results. … was lower in tasks in which participants could not control the results, and (3) the extrinsic motivation by additional rewards and intrinsic motivation by the enjoyment of the task affected regret.</p> …

    Proceedings of the Japanese Society for Cognitive Psychology 2020(0), 1-1, 2021

    J-STAGE 

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