検索結果 593件中 1-20 を表示

  • Improving the standards for gut microbiome analysis of fecal samples : insights from the field biology of Japanese macaques on Yakushima Island

    Hayakawa Takashi , Sawada Akiko , Tanabe Akifumi S. , Fukuda Shinji , Kishida Takushi , Kurihara Yosuke , Matsushima Kei , Liu Jie , Akomo-Okoue Etienne-Francois , Gravena Waleska , Kashima Makoto , Suzuki Mariko , Kadowaki Kohmei , Suzumura Takafumi , Inoue Eiji , Sugiura Hideki , Hanya Goro , Agata Kiyokazu

    Primates 59(5), 423-436, 2018-09

  • Comparison of fecal preservation and extraction methods for steroid hormone metabolite analysis in wild crested macaques

    Gholib Gholib , Heistermann Michael , Agil Muhammad , Supriatna Iman , Purwantara Bambang , Nugraha Taufiq Purna , Engelhardt Antje

    Primates 59(3), 281-292, 2018-05

  • DNA barcoding reveals seasonal shifts in diet and consumption of deep-sea fishes in wedge-tailed shearwaters

    Komura Taketo , Ando Haruko , Horikoshi Kazuo , Suzuki Hajime , Isagi Yuji

    … We collected fecal samples during the prebreeding (N = 73) and rearing (N = 96) periods. … The results of the diet composition analysis showed that wedge-tailed shearwaters frequently consumed deep-sea fishes throughout the sampling season, indicating the importance of these fishes as a stable food resource. …

    PLOS ONE 13(4), 2018-04-09

    機関リポジトリ DOI

  • A Comparison of Food Habits Between Japanese Marten and Raccoon Dog in Western Tokyo with Reference to Fruit Use

    Takatsuki Seiki , Miyaoka Risako , Sugaya Keita

    Zoological science 35(1), 68-74, 2018-02

  • Seasonal Change in Diet and Habitat Use in Wild Mandrills (Mandrillus sphinx)

    Hongo Shun , Nakashima Yoshihiro , Akomo-Okoue Etienne François , Mindonga-Nguelet Fred Loïque

    … Relative volumes of fruit skin, pulp, and intact seeds in fecal remains varied with fruit availability, whereas feces contained as large a proportion of crushed seeds in the fruit-scarce season as in the fruit-peak season. …

    International Journal of Primatology 39(1), 27-48, 2018-02

    機関リポジトリ DOI

  • ダサチニブが原因で炎症反応性大腸ポリポーシスをきたした1例

    小林 真理子 , 池澤 和人 , 山浦 正道 , 萩原 悠也 , 岩井 健太郎 , 越智 大介 , 大塚 公一朗 , 添田 敦子

    <p>症例は慢性骨髄性白血病に対してダサチニブ内服中の51歳男性.下部消化管内視鏡検査でびらん,白苔をともなった芋虫状の大腸ポリポーシスを認めた.ポリープの病理組織像は過形成性腺管と平滑筋の樹枝状,放射状増生が特徴的で,慢性炎症を原因とする炎症反応性ポリポーシスと考えられた.ダサチニブ中止によりポリポーシスは著明に改善したことから,ダサチニブによる下部消化管の慢性炎症が原因のポリポーシ …

    日本消化器病学会雑誌 115(11), 977-984, 2018

    J-STAGE

  • Detection of Uncommon Enteric Bacterial Pathogens from Acute Diarrheal Specimens using SYBR-Green Real Time PCR

    Chowdhury Goutam , Stine Oscar C. , Rajendran Krishnan , Mukhopadhyay Asish K. , Okamoto Keinosuke , Ramamurthy Thandavarayan

    … We examined SYBR-Green real-time PCR for the detection of ten uncommon bacterial pathogens using fecal specimens from acute diarrheal patients. … In SYBR-Green real-time PCR, the products formed were identified based on melting point temperature (<i>T<sub>m</sub></i>) curve analysis and was validated with the respective reference strain. …

    Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases, 2018

    J-STAGE

  • 生検後に自然消退したと考えられた横行結腸癌の1例

    吉田 健太 , 福田 眞作 , 澤谷 学 , 三上 達也 , 羽賀 敏博 , 菊池 英純 , 珍田 大輔 , 下山 克 , 鬼島 宏 , 佐々木 賀広

    <p>症例は73歳,男性.便潜血検査陽性を契機に下部消化管内視鏡検査を施行し,横行結腸に隆起性病変を認めた.拡大内視鏡・超音波内視鏡検査で粘膜下層深部へ浸潤をきたす癌と診断し,生検で中分化型管状腺癌の確定診断となった.外科的腸切除の方針となったが,生検80日後に施行した術前マーキング時の内視鏡検査では病変部の瘢痕化を認めた.腹腔鏡補助下結腸右半切除術が施行されたが,手術標本の病理組織で …

    日本消化器内視鏡学会雑誌 60(10), 2303-2309, 2018

    J-STAGE

  • Diarrhea-Associated Intestinal Microbiota in Captive Sichuan Golden Snub-Nosed Monkeys (<i>Rhinopithecus roxellana</i>)

    ZHU HUI , ZENG DONG , WANG QIANG , WANG NING , ZENG BO , NIU LILI , NI XUEQIN

    … We herein characterized the fecal microbiota in diarrhea and healthy monkeys using the Illumina MiSeq platform. … The concentrations of fecal short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) and copy numbers of virulence factor genes were also assessed using gas chromatography and quantitative PCR (qPCR), respectively. …

    Microbes and environments 33(3), 249-256, 2018

    J-STAGE

  • Effects of hyperbaric conditions on fecal microbiota

    OYA Morihiko , TADANO Yutaka , TAKIHATA Yasuhiro , MURAKAMI Wakana , FUJII Shigenori , TAMAI Kenji , MORIMOTO Yuji , IKOMI Fumitaka , TOKUNAGA Tetsuji

    … <p>We aimed to determine whether the composition of the fecal microbiota changes under hyperbaric conditions. … In this study, we collected fecal samples from 6 healthy divers at three points during deep diving training (before, 2.1 MPa, end). … The compositional changes in the fecal microbiota exhibited interindividual variability. … These findings suggest that hyperbaric conditions affect the fecal microbiota.</p> …

    Bioscience of Microbiota, Food and Health, 2018

    J-STAGE

  • Sex hormones play roles in determining musk composition during the early stages of musk secretion by musk deer (<i>Moschus berezovskii</i>)

    Fan Mengyuan , Yang Shuang , Zhou Juntong , Li Yimeng , Sun Xiaoning , Cha Muha , Xu Shanghua , Liu Yang , Guo Xiaobing , Hu Defu , Liu Shuqiang , Zhang Meishan , Shi Minghui , Zhang Tianxiang , Qi Lei , Yu Juan , Li Xuxin , Lin Shaobi , Huang Zhixin

    … Luminescence immunoassay and radioimmunoassay analyses were performed to determine corresponding fecal hormone levels. … Correlation analysis showed that the contents of four examined musk components (muscone, cyclopentadecanone, cholesterol, and cholestenol) from June to August were significantly highly negatively correlated with fecal testosterone and estradiol levels (<i>p</i> …

    Endocrine Journal, 2018

    J-STAGE

  • 霊長類分子生態学における次世代シークエンシング

    早川 卓志

    … Traditional DNA technology using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and Sanger sequencing have restricted the genome-wide analysis of primates, particularly due to the low quality and low quantity of noninvasive DNA samples obtained from wild individuals. … NGS has enabled the genome-wide analysis of primate DNA using noninvasive samples, such as feces. … Metabarcoding and metagenomics analyses using fecal samples provide information on food items and commensal microorganisms of the host animal. …

    霊長類研究 34(1), 65-78, 2018

    J-STAGE

  • 動物の食物組成を読み取るための占有率-順位曲線の提案―集団の平均化による情報の消失を避ける工夫―

    高槻 成紀 , 高橋 和弘 , 髙田 隼人 , 遠藤 嘉甫 , 安本 唯 , 野々村 遥 , 菅谷 圭太 , 宮岡 利佐子 , 箕輪 篤志

    <p>動物の食物組成は平均値によって表現されることが多いが,同じ平均値でも内容に違いがあることがある.ニホンジカ<i>Cervus nippon</i>(以下シカ),ニホンカモシカ<i>Capricornis crispus</i>(以下カモシカ),イノシシ<i>Sus scrofa</i>,タヌキ<i> …

    哺乳類科学 58(1), 49-62, 2018

    J-STAGE

  • 国内由来の外来種ニホンイタチ<i>Mustela itatsi</i>による絶滅危惧種ミヤコカナヘビ<i>Takydromus toyamai</i>の捕食

    河内 紀浩 , 中村 泰之 , 渡邉 環樹

    <p>沖縄県の宮古諸島に導入されたニホンイタチ<i>Mustela itatsi</i>の糞より,同諸島固有の絶滅危惧種ミヤコカナヘビ<i>Takydromus toyamai</i>の骨及び体の一部を検出した.この結果は,同地域に生息する希少な固有種が国内外来種であるニホンイタチに捕食されていることを直接的に示す初めての証拠であり,ミヤ …

    哺乳類科学 58(1), 73-77, 2018

    J-STAGE

  • Effects of heat-killed <i>Lactobacillus casei</i> subsp. <i>casei</i> 327 intake on defecation in healthy volunteers: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study

    SAITO Yuhi , MIHARA Toshihiro , OKI Mamoru , KUMAGAI Takehisa

    … After eliminating data for 9 subjects who met the exclusion criteria for efficacy analysis, data for 95 subjects were analyzed. … The fecal volume during the intake period was higher in group A than group P, but the difference was not statistically significant. … There were no significant differences between groups in the values of fecal shape, color, odor, and feeling after defecation. …

    Bioscience of Microbiota, Food and Health 37(3), 59-65, 2018

    J-STAGE

  • Diarrhea-Associated Intestinal Microbiota in Captive Sichuan Golden Snub-Nosed Monkeys (<i>Rhinopithecus roxellana</i>)

    Zhu Hui , Zeng Dong , Wang Qiang , Wang Ning , Zeng Bo , Niu Lili , Ni Xueqin

    … We herein characterized the fecal microbiota in diarrhea and healthy monkeys using the Illumina MiSeq platform. … The concentrations of fecal short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) and copy numbers of virulence factor genes were also assessed using gas chromatography and quantitative PCR (qPCR), respectively. …

    Microbes and environments, 2018

    J-STAGE

  • 仙台の海岸に生息するタヌキの食性 -東北地方太平洋沖地震・津波後に復帰し復興事業で生息地が 改変された事例-

    高槻 成紀 , 岩田 翠 , 平泉 秀樹 , 平吹 喜彦

    これまで知られていなかった東北地方海岸のタヌキの食性を宮城県仙台市宮城区岡田南蒲生と岩沼市蒲崎寺島のタヌキを例に初めて明らかにした。このタヌキは2011 年3 月の東北地方太平洋沖地震・津波後に回復した個体群である。南蒲生では防潮堤建造、盛土などの復興工事がおこなわれ、生息環境が二重に改変されたが、寺島では工事は小規模であった。両集団とも海岸にすむタヌキであるが、魚類、貝類、カニ、海藻などの海の生 …

    保全生態学研究 23(1), 155-165, 2018

    J-STAGE

  • The Molecular Detection of <i>Cryptosporidium</i> and <i>Giardia</i> in Sika Deer (<i>Cervus Nippon Centralis</i>)in Japan

    Yamazaki Akiko , Izumiyama Shinji , Yagita Kenji , Kishida Naohiro , Kubosaki Atsutaka , Hara-Kudo Yukiko , Kamata Yoichi , Terajima Jun

    … <p>Fecal specimens (271 samples) from wild deer, <i>Cervus nippon centralis</i>, were collected from nine different areas in Japan; … Sequence analysis identified the <i>Cryptosporidium</i> …

    Food Safety 6(2), 88-95, 2018

    J-STAGE

  • Molecular surveillance of canine distemper virus in diarrhoetic puppies in northeast China from May 2014 to April 2015

    LI Chunqiu , GUO Donghua , WU Rui , KONG Fanzhi , ZHAI Junjun , YUAN Dongwei , SUN Dongbo

    … The 201 fecal samples were subjected to the detection of CDV by using RT-PCR targeting the partial <i>N</i> … gene, phylogenetic analysis based on the complete <i>H</i> … gene, and co-infection analysis. … Phylogenetic analysis of the complete <i>H</i> …

    The Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 80(6), 1029-1033, 2018

    J-STAGE

  • 霊長類分子生態学における次世代シークエンシング

    早川 卓志

    … Traditional DNA technology using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and Sanger sequencing have restricted the genome-wide analysis of primates, particularly due to the low quality and low quantity of noninvasive DNA samples obtained from wild individuals. … NGS has enabled the genome-wide analysis of primate DNA using noninvasive samples, such as feces. … Metabarcoding and metagenomics analyses using fecal samples provide information on food items and commensal microorganisms of the host animal. …

    霊長類研究, 2018

    J-STAGE

2018年度CiNii利用者アンケート

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