Search Results 1-12 of 12

  • The Principle of Utility and Human Nature : Criticizing Mill in Terms of Evolutionary Psychology  [in Japanese]

    内藤 淳

    … His arguments are concerned with human nature, specifically natural feelings and desires. … However, his observation of human nature has two problems. … However, humans naturally have a variety of dispositions, including anti-social ones like egoistic desires or competitive spirits.We have to take into account the whole of the elements and workings of the human mind when we consider human nature. …

    法政大学文学部紀要 = Bulletin of the Faculty of Letters, Hosei University (78), 67-109, 2019-03-18

    IR  DOI 

  • Philosophy as Translation: Towards <i>Other</i>-Directed International Academic Exchange in Education  [in Japanese]

    SAITO Naoko

    <p> 本稿は、スタンリー・カベルの日常言語の哲学における「翻訳としての哲学」という、人間変容に関わるより広義な翻訳の視座から、単一言語主義を超えて、他なるものに開かれる国際的な学術交流の思考様式を解明する。結論として、自文化中心主義にも境界なきコスモポリタニズムにも陥らず、異文化を他なるものとして受容しそこから学ぶことができるような〈他〉方向的な教育の国際学術交流のあり方を提言する。 …

    THE JAPANESE JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH 86(2), 162-175, 2019

    J-STAGE 

  • Statistics: A way to support or undermine one's arguments ?

    Seel Miriam

    … During that process, students as well as researchers should rely on their knowledge of statistics to avoid potential traps and fallacies based on which wrong outcomes might result. … However, often, mistakes happen as human reasoning is far from perfect. …

    NU ideas 4(2), 49-56, 2015-12

    IR  DOI 

  • Classification of people based on blood type as totemism  [in Japanese]

    Koyama Yu

    … This study identifies two misinterpretations in studies by psychologists while reviewing previous studies, and confirms that those fallacies can also be seen in the interpretation of the concept of totemism. … The totemistic classification refers to the thinking that distinguishes between the human line and the totem line and matches subjects belonging to the totem line with those belonging to the human line. …

    Jomin bunka (37), 1-30, 2014-03

    IR 

  • Necessity and Possibility of the Symmetry Bias: How Can We Model Human Unconscious Thinking?  [in Japanese]

    Nakano Masahiro , Shinohara Shuji

    … Symmetry bias is sometimes regarded as a culprit that results in fallacies and spoils our logically correct reasoning. … as developed by Matte Blanco, we discuss why human-beings require this kind of illogicality, and how fundamental it is for human [un]consciousness. …

    Cognitive Studies 15(3), 428-441, 2008

    J-STAGE 

  • The Equiprobability Hypothesis of Reasoning and Judgment: Symmetry in Thinking and its Adaptive Implications  [in Japanese]

    Hattori Masasi

    … Many fallacies and biases in human reasoning and judgment have been reported individually, but their relationships have rarely been argued, and we are still far from a unified psychological theory of thinking. … In this paper, equiprobability is proposed as a key concept in human thinking from a Bayesian probabilistic perspective. …

    Cognitive Studies 15(3), 408-427, 2008

    J-STAGE 

  • Distortion of Perceptual Judgments Resulted from the Intervention of Conceptual Criteria : Two Experiments on the Taste Evaluation  [in Japanese]

    MATSUDA Takao

    Ritsumeikan journal of human sciences (10), 1-12, 2005-11

  • Varieties of criteria in perceptual judgements and related human fallacies  [in Japanese]

    MATSUDA Takao

    Ritsumeikan journal of human sciences (6), 67-76, 2003-11

  • Comparison of Relevant Logic R and ER  [in Japanese]

    YOSHIURA Noriaki , YONEZAKI Naoki , Noriaki Yoshiura , Naoki Yonezaki

    … The formalization of human deductive reasoning is a main issue in artificial intelligence. … Although classical logic (CL) is one of the most useful ways for the formalization, the implication of CL has some fallacies. … This inference is incorrect from the viewpoint of the meaning of implication which human has. … In human deductive reasoning, when A⇾B is inferred, A and B should be related. …

    Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 14(6), 1088-1099, 1999-11-01

    J-STAGE  JSAI  References (12)

  • Relevant Logic ER with Extended Provability  [in Japanese]

    YOSHIURA Noriaki , YONEZAKI Naoki , Noriaki Yoshiura , Naoki Yonezaki

    … The formalization of human deductive reasoning is a main issue in artificial intelligence. … Although classical logic (CL) is one of the most useful ways for the formalization, the implication of CL has some fallacies. … This inference is not relevant from the viewpoint of the meaning of implication which human has. … In human reasoning, when A ⟶ … Relevant logic has been studied for removal of the implication fallacies of CL. …

    Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 13(6), 981-989, 1998-11-01

    J-STAGE  JSAI  References (12) Cited by (2)

  • Application processes of judgmental heuristic in intuitive probability judgment  [in Japanese]

    南 学

    … According to the theory, the so-called fallacies in probability judgment emerged not because of limitations to human cognitive resources, but rather because of his high ability to understand the task-situation …

    広島大学教育学部紀要. 第一部, 心理学 (45), 75-81, 1996

    IR  DOI 

  • Training high-performance skills, Fallacies and guidelines

    WALTER S.

    Human Factors 27, 285-300, 1985

    Cited by (2)

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