Cr_3C_2-Ni系サーメットと炭素鋼の焼結結合 Sinter-bonding of Cr_3C_2-Ni Base Cermets onto Steel Substrates
Ternary Cr<SUB>3</SUB>C<SUB>2</SUB>-Ni-WB cermets can be sintered to full density at temperatures lower than 1450K. The lower densification temperatures, compared with the Cr<SUB>3</SUB>C<SUB>2</SUB>-Ni system (1550K), were attributed to the liquid phase formation as the results of WB-Ni quasi-eutectic reaction prior to Cr<SUB>3</SUB>C<SUB>2</SUB>-Ni reaction. The bonding of the interface proceeds during the liquid phase sintering of the cermets. A direct reaction between the Cr3C2 particles and the substrate material should be avoided for a satisfactory sintered body of the cermet and sufficient interface bonding strength. In case of the cermets without WB, an excessive reaction occurred due to higher sintering temperatures than the reaction temperature at the interface. The direct reaction between the Cr<SUB>3</SUB>C<SUB>2</SUB> and S45C generates a large amount of a liquid phase and causes remarkable grain coarsening of the carbides. The coarsened carbide particles were identified as a M<SUB>7</SUB>C<SUB>3</SUB> type containing W and Fe.
粉体および粉末冶金 43(4), 510-514, 1996-04-15
Japan Society of Powder and Powder Metallurgy