郊外世帯の住居移動に関する分析 -埼玉県川越市における事例- Analysis of the Household Relocation Process in a Suburban Setting : Case Study in Kawagoe City, Saitama, Japan
The objective of this study is to trace in detail the relocation process of households within a metropolitan area. Here relocation is defined, under the methodological perspective, with reference to the life cycle of each household. The empirical data set is based on the results of a questionnaire focusing on married households, which were surveyed in Kawagoe City, Saitama prefecture, in 1990 and 1992.<br> As the first step, a certain general trend was detected with regard to the frequency and period of each household's residential relocation. It centered around once and/or twice in frequency, concentrating on the “child-bearing” stage. Moreover, it tended to overlap with the period of initial home ownership, and its mobility also showed a tendency for a sudden decline after that period.<br> Secondly, a correlation was found between the style of ownership and household relocation. The three dominant patterns of house ownership change were as follows: 1) from “rented” to “rented, ” 2) from “rented” to “owner-occupied, ” and 3) from “owner-occupied” to “owner-occupied.” These correspond approximately to the respective changes in the phases of family life. The distance moved showed the maximum within the 20km range. In case 2), however, another peak in frequency was found between 20 and 30km; this may be called “leap-frogging” moving. There was no clear-cut tendency in direction in cases of 1) and 3), which are moves without status change. Case 3), for ownership acquisition, also suggested an underlying tendency in direction.<br> The residential mobility of each household had a fairly low score in general, except for such limited involuntary factors as a second marriage, the death of a partner and/or a change in job location or of the job itself. This indicates the relative “durability” of the term of home occupancy in the house acquired up to the stage of family expansion or child-rearing. There also exists a sharp distinction between a random move within a certain limited distance and a rather spatially biased one that encompasses a fairly wide area; that is, the former corresponds to moves without a change in ownership status in the pre-child or child-rearing family stage, and the latter to moves at the stage of the first house ownership acquisition. All the findings in this study support the following sequential process: 1) the residential location at the household stage of pre-house ownership works as a robust factor constraining the location of the houses of initial acquisition; and hence 2) the “locus” of initial acquisition constrains the relocation process of household residential behavior after that stage.
- 地理学評論. Ser. A
地理学評論. Ser. A 70(2), 108-118, 1997-02