A phylogenetic analysis of three group I introns found in the nuclear small subunit ribosomal RNA gene of the ballistoconidiogenous anamorphic yeast-like fungus Tilletiopsis flava





There are three group I introns in the nuclear small subunit ribosomal RNA gene (SSU rDNA) of the ballistoconidiogenous anamorphic yeast-like fungus <i>Tilletiopsis flava</i> JCM 5186. The size of these sequences were 325 nt (position 516), 335 nt (position 1199) and 437 nt (position 1506), respectively. The introns at position 516 (T.flav516) and position 1199 (T.flav1199) belonged to subgroup IB3, and that of position 1506 (T.flav1506) belonged to subgroup IC1. The results of comparison with other group I introns found in SSU rDNA of eucaryotes showed that the positions 516 and 1199 were common positions to IB3 group I introns of fungi and green algae, and that positions 943, 1506 and 1512 were those to IC1 group I introns of fungi, and green and red algae. It is indicated that the insertion position of introns have close relationship with the nature of the subgroup to which they belonged. For phylogenetic analysis, we employed 9 IB3 introns, in which 7 were at position 516 and 2 were at position 1199, and 25 IC1 introns. The maximum likelihood tree based on the conserved region alignment showed that group I introns of subgroup IB3 were phylogenetically distant from those of subgroup IC1. T.flav516 (basidiomycete) constituted a subcluster with R.dacr516 (basidiomycete) and M.albo516 (ascomycete). T. flav1199 was located at the closer position of C.chlo1199 (green alga) than other IB3 introns at position 516. T.flav1506 was located at the subcluster, which was constituted by the 1506 introns found in SSU rDNA of fungi (B.yama1506, P.cari1506, and P.inou1506) and those of green algae (C.elli1506, C.mira1506, G.spir1506, and M.sacl1506) with IC1 introns at the position 1512 (D.parv1512 and C.sacc1512). The analysis of flanking regions showed that both 5' and 3' flanking sequences were well conserved in each insertion site, and indicated that the ancestors of the intron at different site had been inherited from the different origin. Therefore, the two IB3 introns found positions 516 and 1199, T.flav516 and T.flav1199, were supposed to have the independent ancestors. Our results supported the theory of the diversity of group I introns that group I introns had been transferred horizontally to the distinct insertion site, and were inherited and diverged vertically.<br>


  • Genes & genetic systems

    Genes & genetic systems 72(4), 205-214, 1997-08

    The Genetics Society of Japan

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