農業用ため池の灌漑期の窒素濃度予測モデルと水質保全対策の効果評価  [in Japanese] Prediction and Preservation Models for Nitrogen Concentration in Irrigation Pond  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

In this paper, Vollenweider model was studied by using water quality data during irrigation periods in irrigation ponds. At first, it was clarified that Vollenweider model could predict the average T-N concentration during an irrigation period within 1.0 mg·<i>l</i><sup>-1</sup> of error to the observed, where inflow N loads from the basin were estimated by using the product of applied N fertilizer by the effluent rate revised with water inflow rate for upland field and orchard, the regression equation of effluent N load to the input load for forest, the product of the annual average N concentration by the amount of precipitation for the other non-point sources, and basic units for point sources. Secondary, a guideline for water quality improvement was conducted in accordance with Vollenweider model equation in respect of the reduction of inflow N loads and of the dilution with cleanly water. The effects of such measures depend on the α factor which is defined as <i>α=νV/zQ</i>, where ν is the apparent settling velocity of nitrogen (5.0 m per irrigation period); <i>V</i> is the irrigation pond capacity (m<sup>3</sup>); <i>z</i> is the mean depth of the irrigation pond(m); <i>Q</i> is the water inflow rate before the measure (m<sup>3</sup> per irrigation period).

Journal

  • Journal of Japan Society on Water Environment

    Journal of Japan Society on Water Environment 24(8), 527-533, 2001-08-10

    Japan Society on Water Environment

References:  14

Cited by:  2

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10008005469
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN10372439
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    09168958
  • NDL Article ID
    5882728
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZN5(科学技術--建設工学・建設業--都市工学・衛生工学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z16-1045
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NDL  J-STAGE 
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