聾学校高等部止徒における手話表出の実態  [in Japanese] Actual Conditions on Expression of Manual Communication by Deaf High School Students  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

聾学校高等部に在籍する先天性聴覚障害生徒22名を対象として,手話コミュニケーションの基礎的資料を得ることを目的に,手話表出の実態について,生育環境,日本語能力との関連を検討した.その結果,他の家族がすべて健聴者である群,養育の中心的役割を果たす母親以外の家族に聾者がいる群,両親が聾者である群の順に,日本手話文法標識の表出が多くなり,反対に日本語対応手話にみられる指文字による助詞の提示は少なくなる傾向がみられた.また,日常から手話を使用する両親が聾者である群は,日本語能力検査の成績が高く,他の2群は成績の低い者の割合が高かった.このほかに,手話表出中にみられる指文字の提示の誤用は表出者の日本語能力検査の成績と深く関連していた.全体を総括すれば,本研究により,手話表出と生育における言語環境は深く関与しており,これらの要因は聾者の言語能力に大きく影響を与えているということが示唆された.

This investigation describes how the deaf express manual communication in actual conditions on the purpose to examine the relations among manual expressive movements, language background and language proficiency. The subjects consisted of 22 deaf high school students. Results indicated that the subjects who have deaf parents had many grammatical expressions in Japanese Sign Language, but subjects who have all hearing families and subjects who have a deaf family except their mother had only a few grammatical expressions in JSL. On the contrary, subjects who have deaf parents had only a few grammatical expressions in the Manual Code Japanese, but the others had lots of grammatical expressions of it. Subjects who have deaf parents and daily use sign language got high scores on Japanese language proficiency test, but many of the others got low scores. The amount of fingerspelling mistaken in Manual Code Japanese had an important relevance to proficiency in language of each subject. Overall, we show that there were significant relations between manual expressive movements and language background, and the relations had great influence on language proficiency of the deaf.

Journal

  • THE JAPANESE JOURNAL OF COMMUNICATION DISORDERS

    THE JAPANESE JOURNAL OF COMMUNICATION DISORDERS 16(1), 10-17, 1999-04-30

    Japanese Association of Communication Disorders

References:  13

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10008101927
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN10091280
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    NOT
  • ISSN
    09128204
  • NDL Article ID
    4768338
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZF1(教育) // ZS47(科学技術--医学--治療医学・看護学・漢方医学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-1914
  • Data Source
    CJP  NDL  J-STAGE 
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