MycoDotテストを用いての実験的結核菌およびMycobacterium avium complex感染マウスでの抗Lipoarabinomannan抗体の検出 USEFULNESS OF MYCODOT TEST FOR THE DETECTION OF ANTI-MYCOBACTERIAL ANTIBODIES AS AN AID IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF EXPERIMENTAL MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS AND MYCOBACTERIUM AVIUM COMPLEX INFECTIONS IN MICE
The MycoDot<SUP>TM</SUP> is a new diagnostic kit for tuberculosis which was devised by DynaGen Inc., USA. The MycoDot test is based on the detection of anti-mycobacterial antibodies in the serum samples of patients by employing plastic combs coated with lipoarabinomannan (LAM) antigen which is a highly immunogenic lipopolysaccharide presenting in the cell wall of all species of mycobacteria. It has been reported that healthy infected and BCGvaccinated individuals do not react to the MycoDot test, while a positive reaction occurs in patients with active tuberculosis or atypical mycobacteriosis with good sensitivity and specificity. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of MycoDot test for the detection of anti-LAM antibodies in sera of mice infected with <I>Mycobacterium tuberculosis</I> or <I>M.avium</I> complex (MAC). By using the MycoDot test, anti-LAM antibodies were positive in 2 out of 4 mice infected with <I>M.tuberculosis</I> 2 weeks before, while all of <I>M.intracellulare</I>-infected mice were negative at the same phase of infection. On the other hand, anti-mycobacterial (MB) antibodies were detected in the serum samples of mice infected with <I>M.intracellulare</I> as well as <I>M.tuberculosis</I> by home-made ELISA testing using whole cells of test mycobacteria as antigen. In the next experiment, mice were infected with <I>M.avium</I>. All the serum samples of mice obtained at 13 weeks after infection were negative for anti-LAM antibodies in MycoDot test, whereas they reacted positively to anti-MB antibodies in ELISA test. These results indicate that the MycoDot test is capable of detecting <I>M.tuberculosis</I> infection but not MAC infection induced in mice.
結核 73(2), 47-52, 1998-02-15
JAPANESE SOCIETY FOR TUBERCULOSIS