クラスプ形態が支台歯と顎堤の荷重分散および義歯床の変位に与える影響  [in Japanese] The Influence of Clasp Structures on Load Distribution of Abutment Teeth and Ridges and Displacement of Denture Base  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

    • 齋藤 正恭 SAITO Masayasu
    • 北海道大学歯学部歯科補綴学第一講座 Department of 1st Prosthetic Dentistry, Hokkaido University School of Dentistry
    • 三浦 美文 MIURA Yoshifumi
    • 北海道大学歯学部歯科補綴学第一講座 Department of 1st Prosthetic Dentistry, Hokkaido University School of Dentistry
    • 野谷 健治 NOTANI Kenji
    • 北海道大学歯学部歯科補綴学第一講座 Department of 1st Prosthetic Dentistry, Hokkaido University School of Dentistry
    • 相澤 隆 AIZAWA Takashi
    • 北海道大学歯学部歯科補綴学第一講座 Department of 1st Prosthetic Dentistry, Hokkaido University School of Dentistry
    • 松井 透 MATSUI Tohru
    • 北海道大学歯学部歯科補綴学第一講座 Department of 1st Prosthetic Dentistry, Hokkaido University School of Dentistry
    • 川崎 貴生 KAWASAKI Takao
    • 北海道大学歯学部歯科補綴学第一講座 Department of 1st Prosthetic Dentistry, Hokkaido University School of Dentistry

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of modification of clasp assemblies on connecting rigidity. Unilateral distal-extension removable partial dentures were constructed for this study with a simulation model. A cone-telescopic crown and 10 different clasps were used as direct retainers. The ten clasps included Akers clasp, double Akers clasp, Kratochvil type RPI clasp, and seven modified clasps. These modified clasps were made from three different types of conventional clasps to which a guide plate, enlarged bracing arm, positive rest with hook, and distal rest were added. Vertical loads were applied, and the stress on abutment teeth, load distribution, and dislodgement of the denture base were measured.<BR>The results were as follows:(1) the partial dentures retained by a cone-telescopic crown and clasps with a distal rest generated large vertical and distal stresses on the abutment teeth;(2) modified Akers clasps with an enlarged bracing arm and/or positive rest caused less load distribution but large vertical movement of the denture base;(3) stress characteristics of the abutment teeth and load distribution of the denture base of the modified double Akers clasp and modified RPI clasp with guide plate, enlarged bracing arm, and distal rest were similar to those of the cone-telescopic crown; and (4) the cone-telescopic crown and clasps with amesial rest caused less vertical displacement of the denture base.

Journal

  • Nihon Hotetsu Shika Gakkai Zasshi

    Nihon Hotetsu Shika Gakkai Zasshi 42(4), 641-648, 1998-08-10

    Japan Prosthodontic Society

References:  47

Cited by:  14

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10008170477
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00197911
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    03895386
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  J-STAGE 
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