脳虚血への Na^+-Ca^<2+> アンチポーター応答とグリア/ニューロン死  [in Japanese] Response of Na^+-Ca^<2+> antiporter to ischemia and glial/neuronal death  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

Abstract

Brain ischemia produces morphologic and biochemical alterations in astrocytes. This mini-review summarizes astrocytic responses to brain ischemia including our studies on the neuronal and astrocytic Na<SUP>+</SUP>-Ca<SUP>2+</SUP> exchanger (NCX). NCX is considered to cause Ca<SUP>2+</SUP> efflux (forward mode) or Ca<SUP>2+</SUP> influx (reverse mode), depending on the electrochemical gradient of Na<SUP>+</SUP> across the plasma membranes and membrane potential. We demonstrated that NCX is present in cultured neurons and astrocytes and that there are differences in their properties and distribution ratio of the isoforms between neurons and astrocytes. We also found that Ca<SUP>2+</SUP> depletion followed by reperfusion with Ca<SUP>2+</SUP>-containing medium caused cell death in cultured astrocytes (Call paradox-like injury), but not in neurons. The study, carried out by the use of a specific antisense oligomer, provides direct evidence that Ca<SUP>2+</SUP> paradoxlike injury is mediated by NCX in the reverse mode. The injury was attenuated by inhibitors of the Na<SUP>+</SUP>-Ca<SUP>2+</SUP> exchanger, heat shock protein and the calcineurin inhibitor FK506. In a preliminary experiment, we found that brain ischemia decreases the mRNA level of NCX in the hippocampus. Further studies on activation and cell injury of astrocytes will contribute to development of new drugs that modulate the function of astrocytes.

Journal

  • Folia Pharmacologica Japonica

    Folia Pharmacologica Japonica 111(1), 13-20, 1998-01-01

    The Japanese Pharmacological Society

References:  52

Cited by:  1

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10008181891
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00198335
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    00155691
  • NDL Article ID
    4382493
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZS51(科学技術--薬学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z19-247
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NDL  J-STAGE 
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