Bone Anabolic Effects of PTH(1-34) and Salmon Calcitonin in Ovariectomy- and Ovariectomy-Steroid-Induced Osteopenic Rats: A Histomorphometric and Biomechanical Study

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Using an experimental model of type 1 osteoporosis under the chronic therapy with an anti-inflammatory steroid, the bone anabolic effect of PTH(1-34)was evaluated by histomorphometrical and biomechanical analysis.Wistar female rats(12-week-old)were ovariectomized and allowed to develop an osteopenic model in the presence or absence of methylprednisolone acetate(MPA:0.1mg/kg, s.c., 3-days-a-week basis from the 5th week after ovariectomy(OVX)).The osteopenia that developed for the first 12 weeks after OVX was almost completely normalized by subsequent PTH pulsing(20μg/kg, s.c., 5-days-a-week)for 8 weeks starting at the 13th week;the following characteristics were observed:1)proximal tibial metaphysis:recovered bone volume, rather increased trabecular thickness and osteoid volume, and normalized eroded surface;2)5th lumbar vertebra(L-5):partially recovered trabecullar connectivity;3)femur and 4th lumbar vertebra(L-4):recovered mechanical strength in maximum elastic load and maximum elastic energy.The anabolic effect of PTH(1-34)was not substantially modified by MPA.Salmon calcitonin(SCT:10U/kg per day, s.c., 5-days-a-week, for 8 weeks)was anabolic in limited parameters:decreased number of osteoclasts, recovered maximum elastic load in femur, and partially recovered maximum elastic load in L-4.The results suggest that PTH(1-34)pulsing is able to recover OVX-induced osteopenia in the structure and mechanical strength not only of the cancellous bone but also of the cortical bone, and the anabolic effect can be clinically expected even under steroid medication.


  • The Japanese Journal of Pharmacology

    The Japanese Journal of Pharmacology 82(3), 240-246, 2000-03-01

    The Japanese Pharmacological Society

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Cited by:  2


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