Effects of Various Reactive Oxygen Species on the Guinea Pig Trachea and Its Epithelium

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Author(s)

Abstract

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are key factors playing important roles in tissue damage of airways under different pathological conditions. Effects of ROS (superoxide anion, H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub> and hydroxyl radical) were recorded on isometric tension of intact and epithelium denuded, not precontracted guinea pig trachea. Superoxide anion was produced by xanthine/xanthine oxidase and hydroxyl radical either by FeSO<sub>4</sub>/H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub> or FeSO<sub>4</sub>/ascorbic acid. In intact preparations, the muscle tension was unaffected by superoxide anion, while H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub> and hydroxyl radical produced a biphasic response, contraction followed by relaxation. Both the amplitude and duration of contractions evoked by H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub> were larger than those caused by hydroxyl radical producing systems. On denuded tracheal strips, superoxide anion elicited also a biphasic response, and the H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub> and hydroxyl radical produced contractions were of higher amplitude and of longer duration than in intact tissues. Indomethacin pretreatment enhanced or slightly reduced the amplitude of contractions evoked by both H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub> and hydroxyl radical on the intact and denuded preparations, respectively. Moreover, the duration of contractions of the trachea induced by oxidative systems was prolonged. Indomethacin did not affect the action of superoxide anion on the intact tissues and reduced the amplitude of the biphasic response on denuded ones. Nordihydroguaiaretic acid pretreatment did not alter the responses elicited by ROS in intact preparations and reduced their action on the denuded ones. Our results suggest that a) various ROS contract tracheal smooth muscle with simultaneous release of epithelium derived relaxing factors, b) epithelium possesses superoxide anion scavenging capacity which is high enough to protect smooth muscle from its actions, and c) cyclooxygenase products participate in relaxation and lipoxygenase products in contraction caused by ROS in the guinea pig trachea.

Journal

  • The Japanese Journal of Pharmacology

    The Japanese Journal of Pharmacology 88(3), 270-278, 2002-03-01

    The Japanese Pharmacological Society

References:  57

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10008187739
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA00691188
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    ART
  • ISSN
    00215198
  • NDL Article ID
    6119463
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZS51(科学技術--薬学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z53-D199
  • Data Source
    CJP  NDL  J-STAGE 
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