Vagus-Dependent and Vagus-Independent Mechanisms of Action of the Erythromycin Derivative EM574 and Motilin in Dogs

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    • INATOMI Nobuhiro
    • Pharmaceutical Research Laboratories III, Takeda Chemical Industries, Ltd.
    • SATO Fumihiko
    • Pharmaceutical Research Laboratories III, Takeda Chemical Industries, Ltd.
    • MARUI Shogo
    • Pharmaceutical Research Laboratories I, Takeda Chemical Industries, Ltd.
    • ITOH Zen
    • GI Laboratory, Institute for Molicular and Cellular Regulation, Gunma University


The motor-stimulating action of de(<I>N</I>-methyl)-<I>N</I>-isopropyl-8, 9-anhydroerythromycin A 6, 9-hemiacetal (EM574) on the upper gastrointestinal tract was studied in fasted conscious dogs using chronically implanted force transducers and compared with those of porcine motilin and cisapride. EM574 induced gastric phase III-like migrating contractions and increased the plasma motilin levels slightly. The gastric motility induced by low doses of EM574 and motilin was abolished by a 5HT<SUB>3</SUB>-receptor antagonist ondansetron and acute vagal blockade, whereas under these conditions, high doses of both agents induced contractions, which were abolished by atropine. Cisapride-induced gastric motility was inhibited by atropine and acute vagal blockade, but not by ondansetron. EM574 did not stimulate gastric secretion in the basal state. These results indicate that EM574 and motilin-induced gastrointestinal motility is attributable mainly to motor-stimulating vagal cholinergic neurons, and 5HT<SUB>3</SUB>-receptors are probably involved in the process. At high doses, EM574 and motilin also appear to stimulate cholinergic neurons in a non-vagal pathway, probably the enteric nervous system.


  • The Japanese Journal of Pharmacology

    The Japanese Journal of Pharmacology 71(1), 29-38, 1996-05

    The Japanese Pharmacological Society

References:  36

Cited by:  1


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