Suppressive Effects of Y-24180, a Long-Acting Antagonist for Platelet-Activating Factor, on Allergic Pulmonary Eosinophilia in Mice
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We studied the effects of (±)-4-(2-chlorophenyl)-2-[2-(4-isobutylphenyl)ethyl]-6, 9-dimethyl6H-thieno[3, 2 <I>f</I>][1, 2, 4]triazolo[4, 3-a][1, 4]diazepine (Y-24180), a long-acting antagonist for platelet-activating factor (PAF), on antigen-induced eosinophil infiltration and interleukin-5 (IL-5) release in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of mice. Mice actively sensitized with ovalbumin (OA) were challenged by injecting intratracheally OA 3 times every fourth day. Both the number of eosinophils and level of IL-5 were significantly increased in the BALF 24 hr after the last OA challenge. Either Y-24180 or prednisolone was orally administered once a day for 10 days beginning one day before the first OA challenge. WEB2086, another PAF antagonist, was orally administered once or twice a day for 10 days. Y24180 (0.3 3 mg/kg) suppressed the eosinophil infiltration in a dose-dependent manner and suppressed the IL-5 release at the highest dosage. Prednisolone (10 mg/kg) significantly suppressed both the eosinophil infiltration and IL-5 release. In contrast, WEB2086 affected neither the eosinophil infiltration nor IL-5 release when administered once a day (10 100 mg/kg/day). This drug never affected the IL-5 release but significantly suppressed eosinophil infiltration even when administered twice a day (30-200 mg/kg/day). These results indicate that the suppressive effect of Y-24180 on allergic pulmonary eosinophilia is due to not only to its long-lasting PAF-antagonism but also due to its suppressive effect on IL-5 release.
- The Japanese Journal of Pharmacology
The Japanese Journal of Pharmacology 75(2), 129-134, 1997-10-01
The Japanese Pharmacological Society