Effects of a Specific Cysteinyl Leukotriene Antagonit, Pranlukast, on Antigen-Induced Cysteinyl Leukotriene-Mediated Rhinitis in Guinea Pigs

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Abstract

To examine the effects of a specific cysteinyl leukotriene (cysLT) antagonist, pranlukast, on allergic rhinitis, antigen-induced rhinitis in guinea pigs was modified by pretreatment with an cyclooxygenase inhibitor (indomethacin) followed by an H<SUB>1</SUB>-blocker (pyrilamine). Intranasal ovalbumin (OVA) administration in actively sensitized guinea pigs resulted in concentration-dependent increases in nasal permeability and nasal airway resistance (NAR). Although pyrilamine (1 mg/kg, i.v.) abolished these antigen-induced changes, pretreatment with indomethacin (5 mg/kg, i.v.) followed by pyrilamine enhanced these responses to a degree similar to that observed with OVA challenge alone. Analyses of nasal perfusate in indomethacin/pyrilamine-pretreated animals showed that cysLTs increased by 270.8%, whereas thromboxane B2 decreased by 88.3% as compared with those on challenged with OVA alone. Oral administration of pranlukast (1-10 mg/kg) dose-dependently prevented increases in nasal permeability and NAR of indomethacin/pyrilamine-pretreated animals. However, an anti-allergic agent, azelastine, did not affect these responses. These results indicate that pranlukast suppresses antigen-induced cysLT-mediated responses of allergic rhinitis in actively sensitized guinea pigs. A cysLT antagonist, pranlukast, may thus prevent cysLT-mediated symptoms of allergic rhinitis.

Journal

  • The Japanese Journal of Pharmacology

    The Japanese Journal of Pharmacology 75(4), 347-353, 1997-12-01

    The Japanese Pharmacological Society

References:  23

Cited by:  4

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10008190403
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA00691188
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    00215198
  • NDL Article ID
    4371100
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZS51(科学技術--薬学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z53-D199
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NDL  J-STAGE 
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