Protection Against Glutamate Neurotoxicity in Retinal Cultures by Acidic Conditions

Access this Article

Author(s)

Abstract

We evaluated the effects of extracellular acidic conditions on glutamate-induced death in cultured retinal neurons. Primary retinal cultures, obtained from 3- to 5-day-old Wistar rats, were estimated to be consisted of mainly amacrine cells (90%) together with a small population of horizontal (8%) and ganglion cells (2%). We examined the effects of acidic pH (pH 6.0 to 7.0) on glutamate neurotoxicity by monitoring the delayed death of retinal neurons induced by brief (10 min) exposure to 1 mM glutamate followed by a 24-hr incubation. The glutamate-induced delayed death of cultured retinal neurons was attenuated with an acidic pH between 6.0 and 7.0. Furthermore, whole-cell patch-clamp recordings were taken from retinal neurons to examine the effects of acidic pH on <I>N</I>-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) or kainate receptor-mediated currents. NMDA- and kainate-induced currents were suppressed at pH 6.0 to 7.0 and pH 6.0 to 6.5, respectively. The acidity of the medium protected the retinal neurons from glutamate-induced delayed death, probably by inhibiting NMDA and/or kainate receptor activation.

Journal

  • The Japanese Journal of Pharmacology

    The Japanese Journal of Pharmacology 76(1), 87-95, 1998-01

    The Japanese Pharmacological Society

References:  34

Cited by:  2

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10008191201
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA00691188
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    00215198
  • NDL Article ID
    4395861
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZS51(科学技術--薬学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z53-D199
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NDL  J-STAGE 
Page Top