Effects of In Vitro and In Vivo Exposure to Doxorubicin (Adriamycin) on Caffeine-Induced Ca^<2+> Release from Sarcoplasmic Reticulum and Contractile Protein Function in 'Chemically-Skinned' Rabbit Ventricular Trabeculae

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Abstract

Doxorubicin is an anthracycline antibiotic that is used widely as a chemotherapeutic agent. However, the usefulness of this agent is limited due to its cardiotoxic effects. The mechanisms associated with this cardiotoxicity remain essentially unknown, despite numerous studies describing a range of structural and functional abnormalities. The purpose of the present study was to determine the in vivo and in vitro effects of doxorubicin exposure on sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca<SUP>2+</SUP>-content and contractile protein function. The Ca<SUP>2+</SUP>-content of SR is shown to have a biphasic response to in vivo and in vitro doxorubicin exposure that is time- and dose-dependent. In vitro doxorubicin exposure initially reduces the SR Ca<SUP>2+</SUP>-content, but the predominant action to block the SR Ca<SUP>2+</SUP>-release channel increases SR Ca<SUP>2+</SUP>-content within 60 min. Similar results are observed with in vivo doxorubicin exposure: it leads to Ca<SUP>2+</SUP>-overload. These data are consistent with the view that doxorubicin acts in a similar manner to ryanodine and results in cardiomyopathy due to Ca<SUP>2+</SUP>-overload.

Journal

  • The Japanese Journal of Pharmacology

    The Japanese Journal of Pharmacology 76(4), 405-413, 1998-04-01

    The Japanese Pharmacological Society

References:  29

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10008192673
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA00691188
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    ART
  • ISSN
    00215198
  • NDL Article ID
    4462597
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZS51(科学技術--薬学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z53-D199
  • Data Source
    CJP  NDL  J-STAGE 
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