Peripheral and Central Actions of Capsaicin and VR1 Receptor

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Author(s)

Abstract

Vanilloid receptor subtype 1 (VR1), a capsaicin receptor, is expressed in primary sensory neurons and vagal nerves. Heat and protons as well as capsaicin activate VR1 to induce the influx of cations, particularly Ca<SUP>2+</SUP> and Na<SUP>+</SUP> ions. Characteristic effects of capsaicin are the induction of a burning sensation after acute administration and the desensitization of sensory neurons after large doses and prolonged administration. The latter feature made capsaicin cream applicable for the treatment of chronic pain and pruritus. Capsaicin alters several visceral functions, which may be mediated by action on vagal nerves and central neurons. Capsaicin affects thermoregulation after intra-hypothalamic injection and releases glutamate from the hypothalamus and cerebral cortex slices, while VR1-like immunoreactivity is not apparent in these regions. These findings taken together suggest the existence of other subtypes of vanilloid receptors in the brain.

Journal

  • The Japanese Journal of Pharmacology

    The Japanese Journal of Pharmacology 80(4), 275-280, 1999-08-01

    The Japanese Pharmacological Society

References:  52

Cited by:  4

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10008195485
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA00691188
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    00215198
  • NDL Article ID
    4836934
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZS51(科学技術--薬学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z53-D199
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NDL  J-STAGE 
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