Effects of a Class III Antiarrhythmic Drug, Dofetilide, on the In Situ Canine Heart Assessed by the Simultaneous Monitoring of Hemodynamic and Electrophysiological Parameters

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Abstract

The cardiovascular profile of dofetilide was examined using halothane-anesthetized, closed-chest in vivo canine model (n=6). Dofetilide was administered at the dose of 1, 10 or 100 μg/kg, i.v. over 10 min with a pause of 20 min. After the lowest infusion rate, no significant change was detected in any of the cardiovascular parameters. Infusion of 10 μg/kg dofetilide, which was close to the submaximal clinically effective antiarrhythmic dose, decreased the heart rate and prolonged the ventricular repolarization phase and refractory period. After the highest dose of dofetilide, the cardiac output and left ventricular contraction decreased during sinus rhythm, the latter of which was not changed during the constant heart rate of 150 beats/min, while the dose-related effects were observed on the heart rate, repolarization phase and refractory period. The afterload and preload to the left ventricle and AV nodal as well as intraventricular conductions were hardly affected even at 100 μg/kg, i.v. These results obtained in the in vivo canine model support the previous reports describing that dofetilide possesses a highly selective blocking property for I<SUB>Kr</SUB>. Moreover, the absence of effects on the afterload and preload to the left ventricle and the cardiac conduction makes dofetilide favorable as an antiarrhythmic drug because it is often used for patients with moderate to severe left ventricular dysfunction.

Journal

  • The Japanese Journal of Pharmacology

    The Japanese Journal of Pharmacology 81(1), 79-85, 1999-09

    The Japanese Pharmacological Society

References:  28

Cited by:  11

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10008196238
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA00691188
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    00215198
  • NDL Article ID
    4867865
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZS51(科学技術--薬学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z53-D199
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NDL  J-STAGE 
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