遷移金属触媒によるリビングラジカル重合の新展開 : 金属触媒の設計と精密重合系の開発  [in Japanese] Recent Development of Transition Metal-Catalyzed Living Radical Polymerization : Design and Development of the Metal Complexes  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本報は遷移鋸錯体触媒を用いたリビングラジカル重合の実例および重合系設計の最近の展開に関する綴である. 開始剤である有機ハロゲン化合物を, 遷移金属錯体触媒と組み合わせることにより, ビニルモノマーの重合が進行し, 分子量の規制された, 分子量分布の狭いポリマーが得られる. この重合は, 生長dormant末端の遷移金属触媒による可逆的活性化反応に基づいており, 配位子や中心鋸を選ぶことにより種々の単量体のリビングラジカル重合が可能であることが明らかとなった. さらに, 重合機構や水中におけるリビングラジカル重合についても概説した.

This article covers recent developments in transition metal-catalyzed living radical polymerization, specifically focusing on the design of the metal complexes. The metal-catalyzed systems, each consisting of an organic halide (initiator) and a metal complex (catalyst), polymerize a wide variety of vinyl monomers to give polymers with controlled molecular weights, their narrow distributions, and well-defined main-chain and/or end-group structures. The polymerization proceeds <I>via</I> radical species generated by the reversible and homolytic activation of terminal dormant carbon-halogen bonds by transition metal complexes. Careful selections of the central metal and the ligands are necessary depending on the types of monomers. In addition to the scope and the design of the metal catalysts, the article also outlines the polymerization mechanism and living radical polymerization in aqueous media.

Journal

  • KOBUNSHI RONBUNSHU

    KOBUNSHI RONBUNSHU 59(4), 199-211, 2002-04-25

    The Society of Polymer Science, Japan

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Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10008223906
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00085011
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    REV
  • ISSN
    03862186
  • NDL Article ID
    6154290
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZP16(科学技術--化学・化学工業--高分子化学・高分子化学工業)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z17-92
  • Data Source
    CJP  NDL  J-STAGE 
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