テーブルビート培養細胞由来赤色色素の食品への利用  [in Japanese] Application of Red Pigment from Cultured Cells of Table Beet (Beta vulgaris L.) as a Food Colorant  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

テーブルビート(<I>Beta vulgaris</I> L.)培養細胞より得られた色素の食品用色素としての利用の可能性を検討した.耐熱性と耐光性をテーブルビート根由来の色素と比較し,さらに食品への応用についても検討した.また,大量培養を含む培養細胞よる色素の安定的な生産についても検討した.<BR>30lジャーファーメンターで培養した結果,フラスコレベルでの生産性に相当する赤色色素が得られた.培養細胞から得られた赤色色素は,耐熱性と耐光性に関してテーブルビート根由来の色素と同様の特性を示した.また,豚肉ソーセージと魚肉ソーセージへの応用例においても,培養細胞より得られた色素は,安定性や特性に関して根由来の色素と大きな差はなかった.<BR>培養細胞由来の色素が根由来の色素と同等の性状を有していることから,食品への応用は可能であり,かつ,安定的な大規模生産が可能であることが示された.

The red pigment from the roots of table beet (<I>Beta vulgaris</I> L.) is commercially used as a food colorant. We established the efficient cell culture system of table beet. The properties and application of the red pigment obtained from the cultured cells as a food colorant were investigated. When the cells of table beet was cultured in the revised Linsmaier-Skoog medium in a 30l jar fermentor under a dark condition for 13 days, the cell yield was 25g dry wt./l and betacyanin content was 0.92%. Heat and light stability of the red pigment from cultured cells were similar to those of the pigment from table beet roots. Fish and pork meat sausages colored with the pigment from cultured cells revealed the similar properties of coloring to those with the pigment from the roots. This study suggested that the red pigment from cultured cells can be used as a food colorant, and this cell culture system of table beet can be available for the stable pigment production on a practical level.

Journal

  • Nippon Shokuhin Kagaku Kogaku Kaishi

    Nippon Shokuhin Kagaku Kogaku Kaishi 49(4), 238-244, 2002-04-15

    Japanese Society for Food Science and Technology

References:  13

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10008251280
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN10467499
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    ART
  • ISSN
    1341027X
  • NDL Article ID
    6137376
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZP34(科学技術--食品工学・工業)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z17-126
  • Data Source
    CJP  NDL  J-STAGE 
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