膜内荷電形態と輸送特性 : モザイク荷電膜について  [in Japanese] Charge Structure within Membrane and Transport Properties : Consideration on Charged Mosaic Membrane  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

膜内の荷電構造と輸送特性との関係が議論された. 特に膜内に2種類の異なる固定荷電基をもち, その荷電基が並列に配置されたモザイク荷電膜に関する諸性質が調べられた. この膜を介した体積流束と塩流束の観測から3つの膜パラメーター, ろ過係数, 反射係数及び塩透過係数が求められた. この結果と従来型の荷電膜との比較から, 荷電基の並列配置構造をもつこの種の膜は電解質と非電解質の分離が可能であり, 圧透析による塩濃縮あるいは脱塩に有望であることが示唆された.

In this paper, relationship between different charge structure within membrane and transport properties reviewed. In particular, the properties concerning charged mosaic membrane which has two different fixed charges and the parallel arrayed structures within membrane were examined. Three main membrane parameters were estimated from the observations of volume flux and salt flux across the charged membrane, and the results suggested the separation between electrolytes and non-electrolytes is satisfied and the salt enrichment or desalination due to pressure dialysis will be possible using the charged mosaic membrane.

Journal

  • Bulletin of the Society of Sea Water Science, Japan

    Bulletin of the Society of Sea Water Science, Japan 53(5), 320-327, 1999-10-01

    The Society of Sea Water Science, Japan

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Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10008283613
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN0018645X
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    03694550
  • NDL Article ID
    4863089
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZM44(科学技術--地球科学--海洋・陸水・火山) // ZP8(科学技術--化学・化学工業--無機化学・無機化学工業)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z15-47
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NDL  J-STAGE 
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