High Pressure Sensitizes Murine Erythroleukemia Cells to Caffeine-Induced Premature Mitosis

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Author(s)

Abstract

Murine erythroleukemia (MEL) cells were exposed to a high pressure of 80 MPa or aphidicolin (APH), DNA polymerase inhibitor. The effects of caffeine on cell cycle were examined using these cells. During the culture of 80 MPa-treated MEL cells at atmospheric pressure, the cells arrested in the G2 phase, and cyclin B and hyperphosphorylated p34<sup>cdc2</sup> were accumulated. Namely, maturation promoting factor (MPF) composed of p34<sup>cdc2</sup> and cyclin B was inactive. However, upon exposure to caffeine, these cells entered prematurely into mitosis by activating MPF. Caffeine-induced premature mitosis was suppressed by butyrolactone I and orthovanadate. On the other hand, APH-treated MEL cells, which were not exposed to 80 MPa, were not so sensitive to caffeine-induced premature mitosis despite cyclin B accumulation. In this case, dephosphorylation of p34<sup>cdc2</sup> was not induced by caffeine. Interestingly, caffeine-induced premature mitosis in the 80 MPa-treated cells was also suppressed by APH. These results suggest that the premature mitosis of 80 MPa-treated MEL cells by caffeine is induced by active MPF, and that APH-sensitive molecules such as DNA polymerase may also play an important role in the checkpoint that controls the transition from G2 to M phase.<br>

Journal

  • The Japanese Journal of Physiology

    The Japanese Journal of Physiology 50(3), 329-336, 2000-06

    THE PHYSIOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF JAPAN

References:  37

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10008291510
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA00691224
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    ART
  • ISSN
    0021521X
  • NDL Article ID
    5525771
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZS8(科学技術--医学--解剖学・生理学・生化学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z53-D40
  • Data Source
    CJP  NDL  J-STAGE 
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