Hemispheric Laterality in Contextual Recognition

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Abstract

Hemispheric dominance in contextual recognition is now under discussion. Auditory event-related potentials (ERPs) with a contextual decision task were recorded to study hemispheric dominance by using the wave energy and amplitudes of N400 for eight native volunteers. Two types of 80 sentences with four clauses were used as the structure: [subject]+[object or complement]+{object]+[two-syllable verb]. One type was congruent and the other deviated at the terminal clause as an incongruent sentence. Twenty-one channel ERPs were triggered at the verbs and recorded during −200 and 1, 000 ms, with a noncephalic reference from 0.05 to 30 Hz. The wave energy was calculated as mean square potentials and was normalized with the background activity (pretrigger 200 ms). The amplitudes of N400 showed significant differences between the incongruent and congruent sentences, but the hemispheric dominance for the amplitudes of N400 was not significant between the incongruent and congruent sentences. Reaction times with the index finger to respond to the deviated verbs were 470.0 (mean)±42.5 (SD) ms. The maximum normalized wave energy within the mean reaction time showed significant differences between the incongruent and congruent sentences, and the left hemispheric energy was shown to be significantly higher than the right one.

Journal

  • The Japanese Journal of Physiology

    The Japanese Journal of Physiology 48(6), 493-497, 1998-12-01

    THE PHYSIOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF JAPAN

References:  15

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10008306005
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA00691224
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    ART
  • ISSN
    0021521X
  • NDL Article ID
    4652980
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZS8(科学技術--医学--解剖学・生理学・生化学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z53-D40
  • Data Source
    CJP  NDL  J-STAGE 
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