Effects of Conditioning Stimulation of the Central Amygdaloid Nucleus on Tooth Pulp-Driven Neurons in the Cat Somatosensory Cortex (SI)





To study the limbic control of nociception, we examined the effect of conditioning stimulation of the central amygdaloid nucleus (ACE) on tooth pulp–driven (TPD) neurons in the first somatosensory cortex (SI). Cats were anesthetized with N<sub>2</sub>O–O<sub>2</sub> (2 : 1) and 0.5% halothane, and immobilized with tubocurarine chloride. The tooth pulp test stimulus was applied by a single rectangular pulse (0.5 ms in duration and 3–5 times the threshold intensity for the jaw-opening reflex). Conditioning stimuli to the ACE consisted of trains of 33 pulses (300 μA) delivered at 330 Hz at intervals of 8–10 s. In 35 out of 61 of the slow (S)-type TPD neurons with latencies of more than 20 ms, conditioning stimulation in the ACE, especially in the medial division, markedly reduced the firing response to the pulpal stimulation. The inhibition of the firing rate in the S-type neurons was 74% of the control. In these S-type neurons, the neurons that were inhibited had significantly longer latencies compared to the non-inhibited neurons (45.0 ± 17.6 ms, n = 32 vs. 34.8 ± 10.5 ms, n = 26). In contrast, the ACE conditioning stimulation affected only one out of 18 fast-type TPD neurons with latencies of less than 20 ms. In addition, ACE stimulation had no effect on the spontaneous discharges of either S-type or F-type neurons. The ACE inhibitory effect on S-type neurons was not diminished by naloxone administration (1 mg/kg, i.v.), while the blockade of histamine H<sub>1</sub>-receptor by diphenhydramine hydrochloride (0.5 mg/kg, i.v.) partially reversed the inhibitory effect. These results suggest that the ACE inhibits ascending nociceptive information to the SI and that this inhibition is mediated in part by histamine (H<sub>1</sub>) receptors. It seems likely that the antinociceptive effect is a neurophysiological basis for stress-induced analgesia (SIA).<br>


  • The Japanese journal of physiology

    The Japanese journal of physiology 49(6), 485-497, 1999-12-01

    一般社団法人 日本生理学会

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