Involvement of Glutamate Receptors Within the Central Nucleus of the Amygdala in Naloxone-Precipitated Morphine Withdrawal- Induced Conditioned Place Aversion in Rats

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Author(s)

Abstract

Chronic use of morphine leads to physical and psychological dependence. The amygdala is known to be involved in the expression of emotion such as anxiety and fear, and several studies have shown that the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA) is involved in morphine dependence. In the present study, we investigated the role of glutamate receptors within the CeA in the negative affective component of morphine abstinence by evaluating naloxone-precipitated withdrawal-induced conditioned place aversion (CPA) in morphine-dependent rats. We found that microinjection of the AMPA/kainate-glutamate-receptor antagonist CNQX (30 nmol/side) into the bilateral CeA significantly attenuated the naloxone-precipitated withdrawal-induced CPA, as well as several somatic signs, in morphine-dependent rats, without preference or aversive effects by itself in non-dependent rats. Furthermore, microinjection of the non-competitive NMDA-receptor antagonist MK-801 (30 nmol/side) or competitive NMDA-receptor antagonist <sc><font size = -2>D</font></sc>-CPPene (0.01 and 0.1 nmol/side) into the CeA significantly attenuated the naloxone-precipitated morphine withdrawal-induced CPA, but not somatic withdrawal signs. These results suggest that the activation of AMPA/kainate and NMDA receptors within the CeA play a crucial role in the negative affective component of morphine abstinence.

Journal

  • The Japanese Journal of Pharmacology

    The Japanese Journal of Pharmacology 88(4), 399-406, 2002-04-01

    The Japanese Pharmacological Society

References:  45

Cited by:  5

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10008415057
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA00691188
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    00215198
  • NDL Article ID
    6263192
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZS51(科学技術--薬学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z53-D199
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NDL  J-STAGE 
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