目標設定型健康増進政策の国際比較:発展経過と現状 Comparative Study on Objective-Setting Public Health Policy : Historical Background and Path Dependence

この論文にアクセスする

この論文をさがす

著者

抄録

The historical background and the path dependence of objective-setting public health policy are described in this review. The New Public Health movement appeared in the 1980s and was inspired by the Ottawa Charter on Health Promotion. This movement is based on the idea that public health is mostly promoted by creating a supportive environment for health as well as by individual efforts toward a healthy life style. The first objective-setting public health policy called Healthy People was proposed in USA, 1979, under the influence of The Lalonde Report published in Canada, 1974. Goals and targets were set in order to reduce the mortality of American people. This project led to Healthy People 2000 and Healthy People 2010. In the 1990s, objective-setting public health policies prevailed in Western countries, such as United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, and also in Japan. The objective-setting public health policy is the application of the management by objectives in the health policy domain. This policy is especially accepted in Anglo-Saxon countries where public sector reform was conducted on the basis of the New Public Management theory in the 1980s, which is when the WHO Regional Office for Europe started the Healthy Cities project that emphasized a network of project cities. The Health 21 in 1999 is another model of object-setting public health policy.<br>A comparative study of four different objective-setting public health policies (USA, United Kingdom, WHO Regional Office for Europe, and Japan) was conducted regarding the goals and domains of the targets, methods of targeting, and evaluation of the project. The goals were almost identical in the four public health policies, while the domains of the targets were different. These differences were explained by the past experience of public health policy development in each country.

収録刊行物

  • 日本衞生學雜誌

    日本衞生學雜誌 57(2), 498-504, 2002-05-15

    日本衛生学会

参考文献:  24件中 1-24件 を表示

被引用文献:  2件中 1-2件 を表示

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10008425920
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN00185923
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    REV
  • ISSN
    00215082
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    6819218
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZS17(科学技術--医学--衛生学・公衆衛生)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z19-194
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NDL  J-STAGE 
ページトップへ